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Author Topic: General Erhard Raus, life and career (short version)  (Read 4541 times)
stoffel
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« on: 10 February 2011, 20:48:20 »
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General Erhard Raus, a chronological summary of his life and carreer.

Pre war

08-01-1889, Born in Wolframitz, Moravia to Hubert and Josefa Raus, baptized in the roman cathlic church on january 12.
01-10-1905, Entered the Austrian/Hungarian army infantry cadet school at Koenigsveld.
18-08-1909, Commissioned as officer aspirant in infantry regiment 1 at troppau. Served as platoon commander untill 1914.
01-05-1912, Promoted to Lieutenant (Leutnant)

World war 1

06-08-1914, Fought at the start of the war as platooncommander in bycicle light infantry batallion 1 in Lublin and Beskiden.
01-01-1915, Promoted to lieutenant first class, fought during 1915 at Limanova, Gorlice, The Isonzo river and Mt Piano.
06-02-1915, Awarded the bronze military defense medal of the military defense cross with war decoration and swords.
05-10-1915, Awarded the military defense cross, 3rd class  with war decorations and swords.
01-02-1916, Became batallion adjutant in bycicle batallion 1 during the fights at Val Sugano, Col de Lana, Mt, Adamello and in the offensive onto southern Tyrolia.
15-03-1917, Awarded the Charles troop cross during the fights at Fleimstal, Asticotal, Mt. Meletta, and Col del Rosso.
02-07-1917, Awarded the silver defense medal of the military cross.
15-09-1917, Became  acting company commander, bycicle company of 20th light infantry batallion.
20-11-1917, Became  company commander, bycicle company of 20th light infantry batallion.
01-02-1918, Promoted to captain (Hauptmann) during the fights at the Piave river.
16-03-1918, Awarded with the Iron Crown 3rd class with war decoration and swords.
19-06-1918, Appointed as batallion commander, bycicle company of  light infantry batallion 1.
17-08-1918, Married to Anna Morsani, a 25 year old daughter of a school principal in Trieste.

Interbellum

18-01-1919, Selected for retention in the Austrian army, appointed deputy to the commander of the bycicle troop reserves.
06-05-1920, Attached as adjutant , Bycicle light infantry batallion 2. ( became permanent in may 1921)
08-07-1921, Brevetted major.
01-10-1922, Attached as infantry training specialist to detachment 4 (bycicle and machinegun troops) Austrian army Ministry.
01-03-1923, Appointed staff captain.
01-05-1924 /15-09-1932 Begins as training instructor infantry course at Bruckneudorf, holds a series of staff positions and starts with general staff training.
19-11-1924, His wife gave birth to a daughter named Isa.
01-01-1927, Promoted to major.
09-03-1931, Awarded with Hungarian War service medal.
15-09-1932, Appointed to the general staff, attached to the infantryschool.
02-12-1932, Attached for three months to Detachment 2 (training) in the Austrian war Ministry.
15-05-1933, Became tactical instructor at the infantry school at Vienna.
21-04-1934, Awarded silver honors badge for actions during the "february uprising" in Vienna.
01-09-1934, Becanme commander of the infantryschool, Bruck.
08-10-1934, Awarded military service badge 2nd class.
19-12-1936, Promoted to Colonel.
01-11-1937, Appointed to a post in the Austrian defense ministry.
25-01-1938, Military attache for Italy and Albania.
13-03-1938, Anschluss of Austria and Germany.
21-03-1938, Takes military oath to join the Wehrmacht.
25-03-1938, Appointed as liaison officer to the German 8th army.
01-04-1938, Attached to the staff of army group command 5 ( Vienna)
25-05-1938, Acting CO infantry training regiment 50 up to 28 june 1938. ( later this becomes infantry regiment 50)
27-07-1938, Assigned rank as Lieutenant-colonel (oberst) with seniority  from 01-08-1936 to the German army
01-08-1938, Appointed to the staff of army group command 5 (Vienna)
15-08-1938, Assigned rank as colonel (later modified in 1939)
10-11-1938, Appointed as officer on special assignement to general of Infantry Wilhelm von List, CO of army group 5.
20-04-1939, Appointed chief of staff to Wehrkreis XVII and XVII Corps.

World war II

01-12-1939, Awarded honors decorations, 4th through 1st classes dated back to january 1939.
26-06-1940, Appointed commander, motorized infantry regiment 243, 60th infantrydivision.
25-07-1940, Appointed commander, motorized infantry regiment 4, 6th panzerdivision.
30-11-1940, Awarded the war service cross, 2nd class.
11-03-1941, Declared fit for duty in the tropics.
01-05-1941, Commander 6th motorised brigade, 6th panzerdivision.

After Barbarossa

29-06-1941, Awarded with the Iron Cross, 2nd class for his actions at raiseinai and in early advance of 6th pz division into the Baltic states.
06-07-1941, Awarded with the Iron Cross, 1st class for his actions in the piercing of the "Stalinline".
14-08-1941, Promoted to major-general with seniority from 01-09-1941.
01-09-1941, Awarded the armored combat badge.
07-09-1941, Appointed acting commander of 6th panzerdivision.
Allthough general Landgraf remained commander on paper, Raus took over operational command while Landgraf was assigned on a special mission to XLI panzercorps.
11-10-1941, Awarded with Knights Cross for the defense of the Luga river bridgehead.
29-04-1942, Appointed commander of the 6th panzerdivision.
01-08-1942, Awarded with the eastern campaign medal.
21-01-1943, Promoted to lieutenant-general.
07-02-1943, Attached on special assignement to army group Don.
10-02-1943, Appointed as acting commander of provisional corps Cramer ( renamed corps Raus 30 march 1943)
14-02-1943, Awarded with the German cross in gold.
20-04-1943, Promoted to general of panzertruppen.
10-05-1943, Appointing acting commander of XI corps which is the new designation of provisional Corps raus.
20-07-1943, Appointed commander of XI Corps.
22-08-1943, Awarded oak leaves to the knights cross for defensive fighting from Belgorod to Kharkov (4th battle for Kharkov) during august.
05-11-1943, Appointed commander of XLVII panzer corps.
26-11-1943, Attached on special assignment to 4th panzer army.
30-11-1943, Appointed deputy commander of 4th panzer army.
10-12-1943, Appointed as acting commander 4th panzer army.
14-03-1944, Appointed commander of 4th panzer army.
21-04-1944, Appointed as acting commander, 1st panzer army, in the absence of colonel-general Hube. Walther Nehring serves as acting commander fro 4th pzarmy.
18-05-1944, Appointed commander 1st panzerarmy.
07/08-1944, Appointed as commander Armeegruppe Raus which was formed of 1st panzerarmy , Hungarian and Slowakian troops.
16-08-1944, Acting commander 3rd panzer army.
20-09-1944, Promoted to colonel-general.
10-03-1945, Relieved of command 3rd pz army and put on reserve status.
14-05-1945, Surrendered to allied troops and remained as POW till 30 june 1947.
03-04-1956, Died in Vienna general hospital.



to be continued
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