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Author Topic: 2nd panzerdivision  (Read 5926 times)
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« on: 2 November 2008, 09:52:41 »
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2nd Panzer division

Formed October 1395 Wurzburg.

Units:

Panzergrenadierregiment 2 and 304
Panzerregiment 3
Panzerartillery 74
Panzeraufklarung Abteilung 2

Theatre of Operations

Poland 1939
France 1940
Balkans and Greece 1941
Army group centre (Smolensk,Orel,Kiev)1942-43
France and Germany 1944-45
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« Reply #1 on: 6 November 2008, 06:57:40 »
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2nd Panzer Division History

On October 15th of 1935, first three Panzer Divisions were formed. General-Colonel Maximilian von Weichs commanded 1st Panzer Division with headquarters in Weimar, 2nd Panzer Division was commanded by Colonel Heinz Guderian with headquarters in Wurzburg and General-Colonel Ernst Fessmann commanded 3rd Panzer Division with headquarters in Berlin. Each division had one Panzer Brigade composed of two tank regiments with two abteilungs (battalions) each along with other units. Each battalion had four companies with 32 light tanks (PzKpfw I and II) each. Entire brigade had 561 tanks including command tanks.

1st Panzer Division also known as 1st Panzer Brigade was composed of 1st Panzer Regiment stationed in Erfurt and 2nd Panzer Regiment stationed in Eisenach. This division was also composed of 1st Motorized Brigade (with two battalions), 1st Motorcycle Brigade, 4th Reconnaissance Company, 37th Artillery Regiment and 37th Communications Company. 2nd Panzer Division also known as 2nd Panzer Brigade was composed of 3rd Panzer Regiment stationed in Kamenz and 4th Panzer Regiment stationed in Ohrdruf. This division was also composed of 2nd Motorized Brigade (with two battalions and 2nd Motorcycle Battalion), 5th Reconnaissance Company and 74th Artillery Regiment (with two battalions). 3rd Panzer Division also known as 3rd Panzer Brigade "Berlin" was composed of 5th Panzer Regiment "Wundsdorf" stationed in Wunsdorf and 6th Panzer Regiment (later known as "Neuruppin") stationed in Zossen. This division was also composed of 3rd Motorized Brigade "Eberswalde" (with 3rd Motorcycle Battalion "Freiewalde"), 3rd Reconnaissance Company and 75th Artillery Regiment "Eberswalde". In 1936, 3rd Panzer Regiment was moved to Bamberg, 4th Panzer Regiment to Schweinfurt and 6th Panzer Regiment to Neuruppin.
In February and March of 1936, all panzer units took in extensive training exercises on proving grounds at Staumuhlen in preparation to act as reserves during the German re-occupation of Rhineland. Following the re-occupation on March 7th of 1936, all units returned to their previous locations.

In autumn of 1936, two new panzer regiments were formed, 7th Panzer Regiment in Vaihingen and 8th Panzer Regiment in Boeblingen. 7th Panzer Regiment was attached to 1st Panzer Division and 8th to 3rd Panzer Division. In 1936, it was also decided to form new 4th Panzer Brigade composed of new regiments in addition to existing 1st (1st and 2nd Pz.Reg.), 2nd (3rd and 4th Pz.Reg.) and 3rd (5th and 6th Pz.Reg.).

From September 14th to 29th of 1937, large scale maneuvers of panzer units took place around Neusterlitz. The units involved were 3rd Panzer Division and 1st Panzer Brigade (1st and 2nd Pz.Reg). On October 12th of 1937, number of new units was formed including 10th, 11th, 15th and 25th Panzer Regiments, Panzer Abteilung 65 along with Panzer Lehr Abteilung. 11th Panzer Regiment and Panzer Abteilung 65 were assigned to the 1st Light Division and later to the 6th Panzer Division formed in Wuppertal in October of 1939. 25th Panzer Regiment was assigned to the 2nd Light Division and later to the 7th Panzer Division formed in Gera in October of 1939. 10th Panzer Regiment was assigned to the 3rd Light Division and later to the 8th Panzer Division formed in Cottbus in October of 1939.

In early 1938, new commanders took over existing divisions, 1st Panzer Division was now commanded by General-Colonel Rudolf Schmidt, 2nd Panzer Division by General-Major Rudolf Veiel and 3rd Panzer Division by General-Colonel Grey von Schweppenburg. On March 12th of 1938, Anschluss took place. The only panzer unit taking part was 2nd Panzer Division under command of General Guderian. In preparation for the operation, SS Regiment "Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler" commanded by Sepp Dietrich was attached to 2nd Panzer Division. The division covered some 700 kilometers in 48 hours, while losing 30% of its tanks due to breakdowns. 2nd Panzer Division was not involved in any combat. Following Anschluss, Panzer Abteilung 33 was formed from Austrian Panzer Battalion and members transferred from German units. This unit was stationed in St.Polten. Panzer Abteilung 33 was assigned to the 4th Light Division and later to the 9th Panzer Division formed in Vienna in January of 1940. The headquarters of 2nd Panzer Division remained in Vienna, while 3rd and 4th Panzer Regiments were stationed near the city at Modling and Korneuburg. On October 3rd/4th of 1938, Germany took over Sudetenland according to the Munich agreement from September of 1938. By October 10th, the take over was completed. The only panzer unit involved was 1st Panzer Division.

In November of 1938, Heinz Guderian was promoted to General der Panzertruppen and received his most important assignment, which well may have changed history - he became Chef der Schnellen Truppen (Chief of fast Troops). It meant that Guderian was responsible for recruiting, training, tactics and technique of all the Wehrmacht's motorized and armored units.

By November 10th of 1938, six new panzer units were formed. New units included two new panzer divisions, 4th Panzer Division (also known as 7th Panzer Brigade) formed on October 10th of 1938 at Wurzburg and 5th Panzer Division (also known as the 8th Panzer Brigade) formed on October 25th of 1938 at Oppeln (Opole). Also formed were 4th Panzer Brigade at Stuttgart, 5th Panzer Brigade at Bamberg, 6th Panzer Brigade at Wurzburg and 8th Panzer Brigade at Sagan (Zagan). In addition, 23rd, 31st, 35th and 36th Panzer Regiments were formed along with Panzer Abteilung 65, 66 and 67. 4th Panzer Division had 7th Panzer Brigade, composed of 35th and 36th Panzer Regiments and was commanded by General-Major Georg Hans Reinhardt. 5th Panzer Division had 8th Panzer Brigade, composed of 15th and 31st Panzer Regiment and was commanded by General-Lieutenant Heinrich Vietinghoff-Scheel. Panzer Abteilung 65, 66 and 67 were respectively assigned to the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Light Division.

Each Panzer Abteilung had four light companies. Each company had command platoon and commander's platoon (with 5 tanks - 1 PzKpfw II and 4 PzKpfw I and later 3 PzKpfw II and 2 PzKpfw I). Each company had three more platoons with similar structure as commander's platoon.

In March of 1939, Germany took over the remaining part of Czechoslovakia. The only panzer unit involved was 3rd Panzer Division. Elements of the division reached Prague at 8.20am on March 13th of 1939, followed 6th Panzer Regiment in the afternoon. On March 15th, first parade of German tanks in Prague took place.

On April 1st of 1939, 10th Panzer Division (also known as 4th Panzer Brigade) commanded by General-Major Rudolf Schaal began forming in Prague. 8th Panzer Regiment was attached to the 10th Panzer Division and later on 7th Panzer Regiment. In 1939, new commanders were also appointed, General-Major Friedrich Kirchner to 1st Panzer Division and General-Major Horst Stumpff to 3rd Panzer Division.

In August / September of 1939, improvised Panzer Division Kempf (also known as Panzerverband Ostpreussen / Kempf) was raised. It was commanded by Werner Kempf. This division was made up of 7th Panzer Regiment along with various other units including SS Regiment "Deutschland".

In August of 1939, each Panzer Regiment was composed of two Panzer Abteilungs. Each Abteilung was composed of two light companies (equipped with PzKpfw I and II) and one medium company (equipped with PzKpfw III and IV) along with other units. Each Abteilung had 71 to 74 tanks including 5 command tanks, each Regiment had 150 to 156 tanks including 12 command tanks. Single division had 308 to 316 tanks including 26 command tanks.

Each Panzer Division had its own infantry, reconnaissance, artillery, transport, communication, medical, technical and general services component. At the time, 1st, 2nd and 3rd Panzer Divisions were identical in size and organization, 4th Panzer Division lacked some infantry and anti-tank units and 5th Panzer Division had additional infantry and motorcycle units making it the largest Panzer Division, while 10th Panzer Division was not yet fully organized.

On August 17th of 1939, all panzer units were put on alert and prepared to move out. On August 25th, they began moving towards the eastern border of the Reich. On September 1st of 1939, World War II began.

PRIMARY SOURCES:

achtungpanzer




History

This unit was originally formed on October 15th, 1935. In 1938, it moved to Austria after the annexation of that Country, taking on a large number of Austrians into its ranks. The Division then was used in the Polish Campaign in 1939, suffering heavy losses against the Poles. After Poland, the Division saw action in the West as a part of 12.Armee/Gen.Kdo. XIX.Armeekorps, starting in the Eifel area. In May, the 2.Panzer-Division took Abbeville along the English Coast which helped seal the ring around the Allied forces in the Dunkirk Pocket.

After the Campaign in the West, the 2.Panzer-Division spent time on occupation duty in Poland. During the months in Poland, the 2nd was reorganized and it provided units to other forming divisions, as well as taking on new units itself. It was then moved to Rumania in April, 1941 for action in the Campaign in the Balkans. In the Balkans, the 2nd helped take Athens in Greece, along with the 6.Gebirgs-Division.

After the Campaign in the Balkans ended the wheeled units of the 2.Panzer-Division moved to Yugoslavia via Albania and were entrained in Croatia for Germany. The tracked elements of the division were loaded for sea transport in the Greek port of Patras to Tarent in the south of Italy. On May 21st, 1941 the German transport ships Marburg and Kybfels carrying the tracked elements of the division were sunk by a recently laid British mine barrage. A considerable number of armored vehicles were thus lost causing any deployement of the division to be seriously delayed. The 2.Panzer-Division was in Germany when the Invasion of the Soviet Union began and in July of 1941 was transfered to Poland. In August, 1941 it was transfered to the south of France, and in September it was finally entrained for Russia, arriving at the front in October 1941.

For the Campaign against the Soviet Union the 2.Panzer-Division was under the control of Armeegruppe Mitte, first seeing combat in the Fall of 1941 in the region of Roslawl, Wjasma, Gshatsk, and eventually the outskirts of Moscow. With the onset of winter the 2.Panzer-Division was pushed back from the gates of Moscow by the massive Soviet Winter Counter-Offensive in the of 1941/42. The division continued to see action in the East as a part of Armeegruppe Mitte fighting in the massive defensive battles of 1942 including Rzhev, the Kursk Summer Offensive in July, 1943, and the defensive battles along the Dnieper River later. In all of these actions the 2.Panzer-Division suffered heavily.

In December of 1944 the 2.Panzer-Division was withdrawn from the Eastern Front and sent to rest and refit in France. After a period of rest and occupation duties in France, the division saw heavy fighting against the Allied Armies during the D-Day Invasion in June, 1944. After the desperate battles for Normandy the 2.Panzer-Division was nearly destroyed in the Falaise Gap. It managed a breakout from the pocket and suffered staggering losses while doing so.

The 2.Panzer-Division was once more refit and reformed, this time at Wittlich in the Eifel area of Germany where it absorbed the remains of the 352.Infantry-Division. The division again saw action, this time during the Wacht Am Rhein Offensive in December, 1944. Again, the division suffered heavily.

As WWII drew to a close in March and April of 1945 the weak remains of the 2.Panzer-Division were absorbed into the Thuringen Panzer-Brigade which fought in the middle Mosel region and later in Fulda. The unit surrendered to American forces at Plauen and Koetzing in May, 1945.

PRIMARY SOURCES:

Feldgrau
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« Reply #2 on: 6 November 2008, 06:58:57 »
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2nd Panzer Division War Service

Date-Corps-Army-Army Group-Area

9.39 XVIII 14. Armee Sud Poland

1.40 XIX 12. Armee A Eifel

5.40 - 12. Armee A Luxembourg - Dunkirk

6.40 XXXIX Guderian (12) A Aisne - Belfort

7.40 - 8.40 XXXX BdE - Home

9.40 - 10.40 XXXX - B Poland

11.40 - 12.40 XXXX 12. Armee B Poland

1.41 XXXX 17. Armee B Poland

2.41 reserve 17. Armee B Poland

3.41 reserve 12. Armee - Rumania

4.41 XVIII 12. Armee - Greece

5.41 XXXX 12. Armee - Greece

6.41 refreshing BdE - Wehrkreis VII

7.41 - 8.41 reserve OKH Sud Poland

9.41 reserve 7. Armee D Southwest France

10.41 XXXX 4. Panzergruppe Mitte Vyasma

11.41 XXXXVI 4. Panzergruppe Mitte Moscow

12.41 XXXXI 3. Pz. Armee Mitte Moscow (Klin)

1.42 XXXXI 3. Pz. Armee Mitte Karmanowo

2.42 - 4.42 XXXXI 9. Armee Mitte Rzhev

5.42 - 7.42 Esebeck 9. Armee Mitte Byeloye

8.42 reserve 9. Armee Mitte Rzhev

9.42 - 10.42 XXXXVI 9. Armee Mitte Rzhev

11.42 - 12.42 XXXXVI 3. Pz. Armee Mitte Rzhev

1.43 - 3.43 XXXIX 9. Armee Mitte Rzhev

4.43 reserve - Mitte Smolensk

5.43 - 6.43 reserve 2. Pz. Armee Mitte Smolensk

7.43 XXXXVII 9. Armee Mitte Orel

8.43 reserve 9. Armee Mitte Orel

9.43 IX 4. Armee Mitte Jelnya

10.43 LVI 2. Armee Mitte Tschernigow, Kiev

11.43 reserve 2. Armee Mitte Gomel

12.43 LVI 2. Armee Mitte Gomel

1.44 - 3.44 reserve 15. Armee D Amiens

4.44 - 6.44 reserve - B Amiens

7.44 XXXXVII Panzergruppe West B Normandy

8.44 not mentioned

9.44 I. SS 7. Armee B Eifel, Prum

10.44 - 11.44 LXVI 7. Armee B Bitburg

12.44 reserve 7. Armee B Ardennes

1.45 LVIII 5. Pz. Armee B Ardennes

2.45 - 3.45 XIII 7. Armee B Mosel, Hunsruck

4.45 Wehrkreis XII 7. Armee G Rhein, Rhon

5.45 XIII 7. Armee Mitte Plauen

PRIMARY SOURCES:

Feldgrau
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« Reply #3 on: 6 November 2008, 07:00:17 »
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Tactical Organization of the 2nd Panzer Division at specific times.

1939
2.Schutzen-Brigade
Schutzen-Regiment 2
Schutzen-Bataillon I
Schutzen-Bataillon II
Kradschutzen-Abteilung 2
2.Panzer-Brigade
Panzer-Regiment 3
Panzer-Abteilung I
Panzer-Abteilung II
Panzer-Regiment 4
Panzer-Abteilung I
Panzer-Abteilung II
Artillerie-Regiment 74
Artillerie-Abteilung I
Artillerie-Abteilung I/Artillerie-Regiment 110
Aufklarungs-Abteilung 5 (mot)
Panzerjager-Abteilung 38
Nachrichten-Abteilung 38
Pionier-Bataillon 38
38th Divisional Support Units

1940
Schutzen-Regiment 2
Schutzen-Bataillon I
Schutzen-Bataillon II
Schutzen-Regiment 304
Schutzen-Bataillon I
Schutzen-Bataillon II
Kradschutzen-Abteilung 2
Panzer-Regiment 3
Panzer-Abteilung I
Panzer-Abteilung II
Artillerie-Regiment 74
Artillerie-Abteilung I
Artillerie-Abteilung II
Artillerie-Abteilung III
Aufklarungs-Abteilung 5 (mot)
Panzerjager-Abteilung 38
Nachrichten-Abteilung 38
Pionier-Bataillon 38
38th Divisional Support Units

1942
Panzergrenadier-Regiment 2
Panzergrenadier-Bataillon I
Panzergrenadier-Bataillon II
Panzergrenadier-Regiment 304
Panzergrenadier-Bataillon I
Panzergrenadier-Bataillon II
Panzer-Regiment 3
Panzer-Abteilung I
Panzer-Abteilung II
Artillerie-Regiment 74
Panzer-Artillerie-Abteilung I
Panzer-Artillerie-Abteilung II
Panzer-Artillerie-Abteilung III
Panzer-Aufklarungs-Abteilung 2
Heeres-Flak-Abteilung 273
Panzerjager-Abteilung 38
Panzer-Pionier-Bataillon 38
Panzer-Nachrichten-Abteilung 38
38th Divisional Support Units

PRIMARY SOURCES:

Feldgrau
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« Reply #4 on: 6 November 2008, 07:01:42 »
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Order of Battle 2nd Panzer Division at Select Times

2nd Panzer Division 1 September 1939

Panzer Regiment 3
PzKw I - 62
PzKw II - 78
PzKw III - 3
PzKw IV - 8
PzBef - 9

Panzer Regiment 4
PzKw I - 62
PzKw II - 77
PzKw III - 3
PzKw IV - 9
PzBef - 11



2nd Panzer Division 10 May 1940

Panzer Regiment 3
PzKw I - 22
PzKw II - 49
PzKw III (37mm) - 29
PzKw IV (75mm Short) - 16
PzBef - 8

Panzer Regiment 4
PzKw I - 23
PzKw II - 60
PzKw III (37mm) - 29
PzKw IV (75mm Short) - 116
PzBef - 8


2nd Panzer Division 6 April 1941

Panzer Regiment 3
PzKw II - 45
PzKw III (37mm) - 27
PzKw III (50mm Short) - 44
PzKw IV (75mm Short) - 20
PzBef - 6


2nd Panzer Division September 1941

Panzer Regiment 3
PzKw II - 63
PzKw III (50mm Short) - 105
PzKw IV (75mm Short) - 20
PzBef - 6


2nd Panzer Division 20 June 1942

Panzer Regiment 3
PzKw II - 22
PzKw38(t) - 33
PzKw III (50mm Short) - 20
PzKw IV (75mm Short) - 5
PzBef - 2


2nd Panzer Division 1 July 1943

Panzer Regiment 3
PzKw II - 12
PzKw III (50mm Short) - 8
PzKwIII (50mm Long) - 12
PzKwIII (75mm Short) - 20
PzKw IV (75mm Short) - 1
PzKw IV (75mm Long) - 59
PzBef - 6


2nd Panzer Division June 1944
Panzer Regiment 3
PzKw IV (75mm Long) - 98
PzKw V - 79
Flakpz 38 - 12

4/Pz. Abt. (Fkl) 301 StuG - 10


2nd Panzer Division 14 December 1944
Panzer Regiment 3
StuG - 24
PzKw IV (75mm Long) - 28
PzKw V - 64
Flakpz 38 - 3
FlakpzIV(20m Quad) - 4
Flakpz IV(37mm) - 4


PRIMARY SOURCES:

"Panzer Truppen: The Complete Guide to the Creation & Combat Employment of Germany's Tank Force 1933-1942" Volume 1 by Thomas L. Jentz

"Panzer Truppen: The Complete Guide to the Creation & Combat Employment of Germany's Tank Force 1943-1945" Volume 2 by Thomas L. Jentz
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