Hauptseminar Moderne Simulationsmethoden WS 2009/Fortgeschrittene Molekulardynamik I
<setdata> date=t.b.a. topic=Fortgeschrittene Molekulardynamik I: Wie man die freie Energie berechnet speaker= tutor=Shervin Rafatnia </setdata>
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Literatur

Daan Frenkel and Berend Smit.
"Understanding Molecular Simulation".
Academic Press, San Diego, 2002.
[DOI]
 Chapter 7
 D. A. Kofke and P. T. Cummings.
 "Quantitative comparison and optimization of methods for evaluating the chemical potential by molecular simulation."
 Mol. Phys., 92:973996, 1997.
Kurz zum Inhalt
The aim of this seminar would be to give a short introduction to free energy and to discuss some methods of calculating this energy in a MC or MD simulation.
In thermodynamics, the term free energy refers to the amount of work that can be extracted from a system. It is a subtraction of the entropy of a system multiplied by a reference temperature (giving the "unusable energy") from the total energy, yielding a thermodynamic state function which represents the "useful energy".
Free energy governs thermodynamic processes; all systems minimize their free energy to reach equilibrium. Therefore, calculating the free energy of a system is of great importance. But doing so in a simulation is not always easy. There are different methods to calculate the free energy of a system in MD or MC simulations. One can mention the thermodynamic integration method, the particle insertion method, overlapping distribution method, umbrella sampling and a few others.
Gliederungsvorschlag
 1. Einleitung
 2. Thermodynamische Integration
 3. Widom's Teilcheneinsetzungsmethode
 4. HistogrammMethoden