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Author Topic: History of Dutch unit, Group guided weapons (Royal Dutch airforce)  (Read 2581 times)
stoffel
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« on: 27 December 2009, 23:27:33 »
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Group Geleide wapens ( group guided weapons)

Short history

In the beginning of the 60s NATO built a long belt of antiaircraft guided missiles from Norway down south to Greece.
This in order to protect Europe and the groundforces against attacking Warschaupact aircraft.
The Dutch airforce was also part of this belt.
In the German town of Eibergen the first group was stationed (GGW 1)
In total 5 GGWs have been stationed in Germany, my late father in law was stationed in Bergholzhausen until 1983.
The unit was equiped with NIKE-HERCULES missiles.
It was also tasked to fire nuclear heads, thus task was taken over by US units after 1982.
Not all groups were disbanded, the remaining units were re-equiped with HAWK.
After the fall of the wall most units were brought back to the Netherlands.
In 1994 this lead to the new  group guided weapons based on the Peel airbase.

Tasks of GGW:

The ggw is responsable for the defense of the Dutch airspace against all flying threats like planes, ballistic missiles  or cruisemissiles.
The unit can operate alone or with other units and is part of the Rapid deployment force off NATO.
An advantage of guided missiles is the fact they can react fast against any target, which is needed against tactical missiles.
Planes require more time to take off and engage targets.
A disadvantage is the short range of most missiles, and you need relatively many systems to cover a large area.
Currently the Dutch army fields the Patriot missile.



Weapons used by the GGW:

NIKE AJAX and Hercules missiles
Hawk missiles
Flycatcher with 40/L70 gun
Patriotmissile
Stingers

Since the end of the coldwar the unit has been operating in several countries.
Patriots were send to Turkey and ISrael during the first gulfwar.
In 2003 the unit went back to Turkwey in support of coalition forces in Iraq.
In 2004 the unit supported the PRT teams in Afghanistan( prt is a team with specialists which helps the population with building up)

GGW organisation:

Currently the unit is based at de Peel and has 5 squadrons.800/802/803/951 and 650.
2 squadrons are equiped with Patriots, the others are logistic/support  and maintanance units.

Source: army magazine Landmacht

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My topics are about my personal opinion, my thoughts and what I think. They do not reflect the official opinion of the ministry of defense of the Netherlands.
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