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Author Topic: History of Dutch regiment BLJ Limburgse Jagers  (Read 3457 times)
stoffel
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« on: 21 June 2009, 17:34:01 »
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Limburgse Jagers



Short history

1813-1896
This regiment was founded in 1813 at the end of the French occupation in Holland.
Named regiment van Phaff, a month after its founding they fought at Breda against the French army.
In 1814 the regiment was renamed as batallion infantry line 2.
Again the unit saw action against the French, this time at the town of Naarden.
In 1815 the regiment was enlarged by adding formations from several militias to its organic strength.
These were Militias 16/17 and 18, it was renamed as 2nd detachment infantry.
At june 18 they fought against Napoleons troops at Waterloo.
Around 1843 it was renamed again to 2nd regiment infantry.
In 1896 the regiment was allowed , by royal decreet, to add the text Waterloo 1815 and Quatre Bras on the regimental flag.

1905-1914
A reorganisation of the army in 1905 offered another change, the unit was split in two parts: 2nd and 11th regiment infantry.
In 1913 another reorganisation took place, 2 more regiments were formed out of the original unit, now the unit fielded 4 regiments, 2nd, 11th,13th and 22nd.

1914-1919
World War I!
The Dutch army called up its reserve personel during the mobilization.
Holland remained neutral throughout the war, apart from some minor incidents.

Interbellum
In 1919 the mobilization ended and most of the recruits went home again.
In the following years throughout the 1930's the Dutch army decreased in size.
This meant that the BLJ also reduced in numbers, until 1938.
In that year the Dutch government finally woke up to take actions against the coming threath from the east.
But it was already to late, programmes to buy weapons, tanks and other things were never carried out.
In 1939 the army mobilized again.
BLJs regiments were renamed to batallions, something which fitted its size better.
4 new batallions were added to the BLJ 26, 35,37 and 46th.
Bordersecurity became their primary task.
The original regiments all had their own flag, the latter 4 did not receive a flag.

Second World War 1940-1945
Several units of BLJ fought against the Germans in the early days of may.
2nd borderbatallion( stationed at Venlo) managed to hold the Germans for 24 hours at the Maas river.
It surrendered after being surrounded.
3rd batallion from 35th regiment also fought hard and managed to denie other German units to cross the river.
On may 12th several companies of 22 regiment stopped the advance of a German division with support of artillery and units of 15th RI and even forced them into defensive positions!
140 men died during this action.
For this actions BLJ was awarded with the text Venlo and Zuthpen 1940 on their flag in 1998.

After the Dutch capitulation the units were disbanded.
At the end of the war several new units were formed from resistance members, in total 3 units.
One of them, the Margriet batallion was awarded with the resistance remembrance cross.
Only 3 units are awarded this medal of honour.

1945-1949
The liberation meant no peace when Indonesia declared itself free and independent.
Holland had to send troops to secure the country and restore the Dutch government again.
2,11 and 13rd regiment fought in Indonesia, a bloody struggle.
In 1977 BLJ was awarded again to add the text Mid and west Java and North Sumatra on the flag.

A new regiment
In 1947 the government decided to reorganize the army again.
All regiments carried numbers and it was now decided that these numbers were to be replaced by names.
At first 12th and 13th regiment were disbanded and in 1950 the other two regiments were disbanded too.
In place of them came 5 new regiments:
Johan Willem Friso
Limburgse Jagers
Oranje Gelderland
Zware infanterie
Menno Van Coehoorn(mortars)

In 1977 it was decided that BLJ would take over all historic traditions from 2nd (and 1th) Infantry regiment.
Also the BLJ was recognised as the parental unit of all other units raised from 2nd regiment infantry after 1810.
The eldest part of the unit is expected to have been formed back in 1602.
The traditions of the units which participated in the wars untill 1813 are only remembered to in history.
The current traditions offer no room anymore for these ancient battles.

In 1995 the Dutch government officially ended the draft.

BLJ is now part of a professional army and is now known as the 42nd Armored Infantry Regiment.
The unit saw several tours in foreign countries for peaceenforcement or peacekeepingmissions.
The latest mission is in action for IFOR in Afghanistan.
Several soldiers of the batallion died in action during these missions.

Flag:

Quatre Bras en Waterloo 1815, Venlo 1940, Zutphen 1940, West- en Midden-Java 1946-1949, Noord-Sumatra 1947-1949

Their motto is: Not better tough Different.

Website: http://www.limburgsejagers.nl/index.php

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My topics are about my personal opinion, my thoughts and what I think. They do not reflect the official opinion of the ministry of defense of the Netherlands.
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