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Author Topic: WWII German Anti tank guns PAK36 37mm  (Read 2978 times)
stoffel
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« on: 4 December 2014, 15:32:30 »
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Pak 36 loading stielgranate 41


Stielgranate ready to fire!


Munster

The  PAK36 37mm antitank gun.

Design for this gun originally to be horse-drawn, 3.7 cm anti-tank gun by Rheinmetall commenced in 1924 and the first guns were issued in 1928.
Early 1930s it was apparent that horse-drawn artillery was obsolescent, and the gun was modified for motorized transport by substituting magnesium-alloy wheels and pneumatic tyres for the original spoked wooden wheels.
Re-designated the 3.7 cm Pak 35/36, it began to replace the 3.7 Pak L/45 in 1934 and first appeared in combat in 1936 during the Spanish Civil War.
It formed the basis for many other nations' anti-tank guns during the first years of World War II like Russia, Spain.
The KwK 36 L/45 was the same gun but was used as the main armament on several tanks, most notably the early models like the Panzer IIIF.
At the start of the western campaign it became clear that the gun wasnt capable of dealing with allied heavy armor, specially the Franch tanks and the brittish Mathilda.
A counterattack by these tanks against the 3rd SS Totenkopf the division suffered heavy losses.
Majority of the units in 1941 still had this gun. The gun did well against the light Russian armor like T26 or BT5/7 series but it was no match for the T34, here it got its nickname "army doorknocker"
In 1940 a tungsten granate (pzgr 40) was developed but this was available in small quantities, this improved kills against most Russian tanks accept the T34.
But only from close range and at the rear of the tank, still a deadly job.
Later the Germans made a hollow charge, the Stielgranate 41.
It had a combat effective range to 200 meters.
This rocket type projectile had to be inserted into the barrel from the front, often a hazardous task.
From 1942 it was slowly replaced by the PAK 38.

Specifications PAK36

Weight Travel: 450 kg
Combat weight: 327 kg
Barrel length: 1.66 m  L/45
Width: 1.65 m
Height: 1.17 m
Crew : 2
Shell: 37 × 249 mm
Calibe: 37 mm
Elevation: -5° to +25°
Traverse: 30° right and left
Rate of fire    13 rpm
Muzzle velocity: 762 m/sec
Effective firing range: 300 meters
Maximum firing range: 5,484 meters


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