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Author Topic: It started September 1st 1939 - WWII Day by Day Recount  (Read 211159 times)
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« Reply #20 on: 10 September 2009, 20:28:59 »
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September 10th 1939

Poland
Polish armies are ordered to conduct a general retreat to defensive positions in the southeast. The Luftwaffe  conducts 15 air raids on Warsaw. German forces broadcast a false news bulletin, announcing the fall of the capital on the same wavelength as Radio Warsaw.
Germany demands action from the Soviet-Union for the 2nd time following the Molotov-Ribbentroppact.

Quote
Telegram

VERY URGENT
Moscow, September 10, 1939-9:40 p. m.
STRICTLY SECRET

No. 317 of September 10

Supplementing my telegram No. 310 of September 9 and with reference to telephone conversation of today with the Reich Foreign Minister.

In today's conference at 4 p. m. Molotov modified his statement of yesterday by saying that the Soviet Government was taken completely by surprise by the unexpectedly rapid German military successes. In accordance with our first communication, the Red Army had counted on several weeks, which had now shrunk to a few days. The Soviet military authorities were therefore in a difficult situation, since, in view of conditions here, they required possibly two to three weeks more for their preparations. Over three minion men were already mobilized.

I explained emphatically to Molotov how crucial speedy action of the Red Army was at this juncture.

Molotov repeated that everything possible was being done to expedite matters. I got the impression that Molotov promised more yesterday than the Red Army can live up to.

Then Molotov came to the political side of the matter and stated that the Soviet Government had intended to take the occasion of the further advance of German troops to declare that Poland was falling apart and that it was necessary for the Soviet Union, in consequence, to come to the aid of the Ukrainians and the White Russians "threatened" by Germany. This argument was to make the intervention of the Soviet Union plausible to the masses and at the same time avoid giving the Soviet Union the appearance of an aggressor.

This course was blocked for the Soviet Government by a DNB report yesterday to the effect that, in accordance with a statement by Colonel General Brauchitsch, military action was no longer necessary on the German eastern border. The report created the impression that a German-Polish armistice was imminent. If, however Germany concluded an armistice, the Soviet Union could not start a "new war."

I stated that I was unacquainted with this report, which was not in accordance with the facts. I would make inquiries at once.

SCHULENBURG


France
In reply to insistent demands by the Polish Commander-in-Chief, Marshal Smigly-Rydz, the French Chief of the General Staff, General Gamelin, announces that more than half of his active divisions are in contact with the enemy on the northeast front and that he can do no more.
The first major units of BEF begin to land. Field Marshal Lord Gort is in command. Small advance parties have been arriving since September 4th. In the first month 160,000 men, 24,000 vehicles and 140,000 tons of supplies are sent to France.

The British submarine Triton mistakenly torpedoes the British submarine Oxley.

Canada
The government of Canada declares war on Germany. The Canadians are the last of the great Dominions to declare war, however, the few days of hesitation permits the accelerated delivery from the US of large amounts of war goods which are now barred under American neutrality laws.

Royal Canadian Air Force OOB on September 10th

Eastern Air Command - HQ Halifax, Nova Scotia

    * No. 10 (B) Squadron - Halifax, Nova Scotia
          o Westland Wapiti
    * No. 116 (F) Squadron (Aux) - Halifax, Nova Scotia
          o non-assigned
    * No. 5 (GR) Squadron - Dartmouth, Nova Scotia
          o Supermarine Stranraer
    * No. 8 (GP) Squadron - Sydney, Nova Scotia
          o Northrop Delta
    * No. 2 (AC) Squadron - Saint John, New Brunswick
          o Armstrong-Whitworth Atlas
    * No. 117 (CAC) Squadron - Saint John, New Brunswick
          o non-assigned
    * No. 1 (F) Squadron - St. Hubert, Quebec
          o Hawker Huricane Mk I

Western Air Command - HQ Vancouver, British Columbia

    * No. 4 (GR) Squadron - Jericho Beach, BC
          o Supermarine Stranraer
    * No. 6 (TB) Squadron - Jericho Beach, BC
          o Blackburn Shark
    * No. 111 (CAC) Squadron (Aux) - Sea Island, BC
          o Avro 621, 626
    * No. 112 (AC) Squadron (Aux) - Winnipeg, Manitoba
          o Avro 626
    * No. 120 (B) Squadron (Aux) - Regina, Saskatchewan
          o deHavilland D.H. 82a Tiger Moth

Air Training Command - HQ Toronto, Ontario

    * No. 111 (AC) Squadron (Aux) - Toronto, Ontario
          o Avro 626
    * No. 114 (B) Squadron (Aux) - London, Ontario
          o non-assigned
    * No. 119 (B) Squadron (Aux) - Hamilton, Ontario
          o deHavilland D.H. 82A Tiger Moth

Air Force Headquarters - HQ Ottawa, Ontario

    * No. 7 (GP) Squadron - Rockcliffe, Ontario
          o Fairchild FC 71, Bellanca Pacemaker
    * No. 115 (F) Squadron (Aux) - Montreal, Quebec
          o Fleet Fawn
    * No. 118 (B) Squadron (Aux) - Montreal, Quebec
          o DH 60 Moth
    * No. 121 (B) Squadron (Aux) - Quebec City, Quebec
          o non-assigned

Squadrons Glossary
(B)    Bomber    
(F)    Fighter
(GR)    General Reconnaissance    
(GP)    General Purpose
(AC)    Army Co-operation    
(CAC)    Coast Artillery Co-operation
(TB)    Torpedo Bomber    
(Aux)    Auxillary Squadron
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« Reply #21 on: 10 September 2009, 20:37:43 »
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France:Under overall command of general Gort, the first units of the BEF (British Expeditionary Force) arrived in France.
Netherlands: General Reijnders receives detailed instructions for the defense of the country from the government.
UK :One of the first victims of the mines laid by the U Boats U 13 and U 15 was 'SS Goodwood'  which hit a mine and sank with the loss of one of her crew off Flamborough Head. She was carrying coal from the Tyne to Bayonne.
'SS Magdapur'  South Shields to Southampton hit a mine and sank off Aldeburgh with the loss of six crew members.
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« Reply #22 on: 18 September 2009, 08:47:53 »
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September 13th 1939

The German Armed Forces High Command (OKW) announces that civilian targets in Poland are being bombed because civilians are involving themselves in the fighting.

Poland
A small German infantry force begins to cross the Vistula just south of Warsaw. The Bzura battles are now going badly for the Polish forces. The heaviest fighting will be over by September 15th but some engagements will continue until the 19th.
Although the Germans will take their largest single haul of 150,000 prisoners in this battle, by September 19th, units of two Polish brigades and elements of others will manage to escape to Warsaw.

US ambassador to Poland, Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, Jr., reports that German bombers are attacking the civilian population. He says "they are releasing bombs they carry even when they are in no doubt as to the identity of their objectives.

The French Prime Minister, Edouard Daladier, forms a War Cabinet in which he is responsible for foreign affairs as well as retaining the portfolios of war and national defense. The former foreign minister, Georges Bonnet, is appointed Minister of Justice.
Raoul Dautry is appointed Minister of Armaments and Georges Pernot is appointed Minister of Blockade, both are new portfolios related to the war effort. Daladier is keen to have a war cabinet that will enable France to put recent divisions aside and fight the war with a spirit of national unity.

Algeria
The French cruiser La Tour d'Auvergne, sinks from an accidental explosion at Casablanca. It was build and put into service as the 'Pluton' on April 10th 1929, became a training cruiser and was renamed La Tour d'Auvergne. Lost after a mine exploded on 13th September 1939.

Holland

T VIII W


He-115
a Dutch T.8w ‘R5’ gets shot down by a German He 115 who took it for an English plane. Immediately the Germans land on the water to help rescuing the Dutch crew. The He115 couldn't take off and called for aid. A Do18D came to the rescue but when landing they damage their haul. To make things even more complicated a couple of Dutch Fokker D.XXI's attack the Dornier.
The crew of the Dornier abandones their plane and use a small rubber boat and float to the Dutch shore where they are captured. Leutnant zur See Horst Rust, Feldwebel Otto Radons, Funkmaat Hans Zieschang en Unteroffizier Otto Schenk were taken prisoner and transported to Britain in May 1940 when Holland entered the war.
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« Reply #23 on: 18 September 2009, 08:49:52 »
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September 14th 1939

Poland
German troops enter Gdynia (the only Polish seaport), west of Danzig. German forces attacking from East Prussia reach open country when they cross the Narew River near Modlin and sweep around Warsaw to begin the encirclement of the Polish capital. Lwow is cut off by German attacks.
The German 19th Panzer Corps (Guderian) reaches Brest-Litovsk. Ethnic Ukrainians begin an uprising in Lwow and Stanislawow, attacking small Polish army units in the vicinity.

Budapest
The Hungarian government refrains from declaring its neutrality on the grounds that it is not threatened by Hitler.

HMS Ark Royal, has a lucky escape from a German submarine, U-39, attack while engaged in an anti-submarine patrol Northwest of Ireland. The U-boat is sunk by 3 British destroyers accompanying the carrier and 43 German crewmen are captured.

U-39 info:
Quote
14 Sep 1939. U-39 was the first U-boat sunk in the war, after an unsuccessful attack against the British aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal (premature magnetic-pistol torpedo explosions).

KTB/SKL * reported on 22 Sept, 1939: n

c) U-Bootskrieg Atlantik: U 53, U 32 Rückmarsch angetreten. Es stehen daher nur noch 2 U-Boote (U 31, U 35) im Operationsgebiet. Von U 39 liegen keine Nachrichten vor. Boot müsste planmässig bereits in die Heimat zurückgekehrt sein: das Fehlen jeglicher Nachricht von U 39 (Kommandant Kapitänleutnant- Glattes ) trotz mehrfacher Standortnachfrage gibt zu ernsten Besorgnissen Anlass. Im Zusammenhang mit dem Schicksal des Bootes verdient eine englische Rundfunknachricht über Eintreffen der ersten gefangenen deutschen Mari- neangehörigen auf einem Londoner Bahnhof Beachtung.

U-boat-war Atlantic: U-53, U-32 heading back. Only two U-boats (U 31, U 35) remain in the operational area. There has been no word from U-39. According to plan, this U-boat should have returned home by now; the lack of response from U-39 (Commander Kapitänleutnant Glattes) in spite of multiple requests to transmit location is cause for grave concern. The fate of the U-boat may well be linked to a British radio transmission regarding the arrival of the first German Navy prisoner at a London railway station.

* SKL = Seekriegsleitung = German Supreme Naval Command


Soviet Union... The Communist Party official newspaper, Pravda, launches an anti-Polish propaganda campaign with a front-page article deploring the treatment of minorities in Poland.

French forces have now advanced about 5 miles (8 km) into Germany on a 15-mile (24 km) frontage in the Saarland region.
The French claim that the action has forced the Germans to withdraw 6 divisions from Poland, although British observers express doubts.
The advance places the front within half a mile of the Siegfried Line and a frontal assault on this defensive system is considered to be out of the question.  General Gamelin calls an end to the Saar offensive.
The Anglo-French Supreme War Council, meets for the first time at Abbeville. Meanwhile, a Czech army-in-exile is formed.

Poland
Some of List's troops are fighting near Lvov while others are moving north from their bridgeheads over the San.
The Polish army around Poznan, the one that was to have marched on Berlin, unexpectedly turns about and attempts to take the German 8th Army in the censored2.
This is the start of the violent battle of the Bzura River. Polish troops push the German forces 12 miles south of Kutno and recapture Lowicz.
Gdynia is evacuated by the Poles. Luftwaffe planes bomb Krzemieniec (Kremenets) in eastern Poland, [url=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kremenets]link
a declared open village where the diplomatic community from Warsaw has sought refuge.

The German Foreign Minister, von Ribbentrop, demands that the Romanians not give asylum to Polish officials crossing the border and threatens military action in case of noncompliance.

Britain
The home office opens an inquiry into blackout rules.

US Navy begins regular neutrality patrols along the entire length of the eastern seaboard and in the Caribbean.
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« Reply #24 on: 18 September 2009, 08:53:16 »
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September 15th 1939

An armistice agreement is signed between Japan and the USSR ending their four-month-old "Nomonhan Incident" (link) consisting of protracted fighting on the borders of Manchukuo (Manchuria) and Mongolia.
Both sides have been under pressure from Germany to settle the dispute since the signing of the German-Soviet non-aggression pact. Peace talks were initiated by the new Japanese cabinet, appointed two weeks ago, after Japan lost 17,000 troops in one battle.

Poland
German troops are reducing the Polish Poznan Army encircled at Kutno. Brest-Litovsk, 120 miles east of Warsaw, is surrounded. The Warsaw military commander, Polish Major General Juliusz Rommel (link), refuses to discuss a surrender proposal form the Germans.

The Romanian government grants asylum to Polish civilian refugees; military personnel are to be disarmed and interned.

German radio broadcasts interviews with British and New Zealander aircrew captured during the Wilhelmshaven raid on September 4th.

Britain
Motorists besiege petrol stations, although no date for rationing has been fixed yet.

Canada
The first British trans-Atlantic convoy sets sail from Halifax, Nova Scotia. From now on all ships carrying vital supplies of Canadian wheat and US munitions are to travel in convoys scheduled and protected by the British and Canadian navies.
The first convoy organized during the war sailed from Gibraltar on September 2nd. The vital Glasgow-Thames coastal trade is now moving in convoys as well.
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« Reply #25 on: 18 September 2009, 08:54:37 »
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September 16th 1939

Poland
Warsaw is surrounded but a German ultimatum is rejected by the Polish garrison, led by General Czuma (link), and the civil population. The Poles have already fought off one German assault, inflicting heavy casualties.
This day is also the eve of the Jewish New Year and Luftwaffe planes dive-bomb the Jewish quarter of the city.
Part of List's army is still fighting west of Lvov while other units are advancing north to link with Guderian's forces, who are maintaining their attack along the Bug. Polish air force bombers make their final sorties.

The USSR informs the Poland that the Red Army will enter eastern Poland on September 17th "to protect the Ukrainian and Belorussian minorities."

The Duke of Windsor is appointed a liaison officer with the French army.

In the first German U-boat attack on a North Atlantic convoy, U-31 (link) sinks SS Aviemore. A major escorted convoy leaves Halifax, Nova Scotia, in Canada for Britain.
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« Reply #26 on: 18 September 2009, 08:57:11 »
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September 17th 1939

In the night of September 17th the first Polish cryptographs arrive at the border between Poland and Romania.
Most of them will be installed in October in the Chateau de Vignolles near Gretz-Armainvilliers in France.

Poland
Soviet troops enter Poland. Naturally because of the German attack there is almost no defense in the east. The Soviets employ two army groups or Fronts. The Poles have only 18 battalions in the east of their country. Just before dawn, the Red Army invades along the entire 800-mile (1300 km) border.

Poles are surprised and Soviet forces advance virtually unopposed. Meanwhile, the Polish government is fleeing towards the Romanian border, evacuating from the border town of Kuty -- the fifth and last temporary seat in the Polish provinces. All surviving Polish aircrew fly to Romania.
In Warsaw, St. John's Cathedral is bombed during mass; the dead are buried in public parks because the cemeteries are full. Warsaw is now completely isolated as converging German forces of German Army Group North and Army Group South meet at Siedlce, in eastern Poland.
Some 40,000 Polish prisoners have been captured by the Germans at Kutno and Brest-Litovsk is taken after a bitter 3-day battle. German are given a stop line because of the Soviet invasion in the east.

Soviet Commissar for Foreign Affairs, Molotov, announces that the USSR is invading to protect Ukrainian and Belorussian minorities in Poland.
Soviet newspapers have been making claims of "brutal treatment" of national minorities in Poland, especially Ukrainians and Belorussians.
The Soviet government promises to respect Finnish neutrality and recognizes Slovakia as an independent state.

The Italian government assures the Greek government that it will take no military action against Greece even if Italy enters the war.

The British aircraft carrier, HMS Courageous, is sunk by U-29 (link) while on anti-submarine patrol off the southwest coast of Ireland. More than 500 men are killed (514 of 1200 crew members).

After this second incident, carriers are withdrawn from such work. 'Courageous' has been one of the most effective of the British carriers.
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« Reply #27 on: 18 September 2009, 08:59:29 »
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September 18th 1939

Romania
The Polish president, Moscicki, and the Commander in Chief, Rydz-Smigly, enter Romania and are interned.(due to German pressure on the Romanian government) They leave behind messages telling their troops to fight on.

Poland
Soviet forces have advanced 100 km into Poland, meeting little resistance. The German 3rd and 10th armies begin attacking Warsaw. Members of the Polish cipher bureau, with vital knowledge of the German Enigma code, flee the country and head for Paris.

In Copenhagen, Helsinki, Oslo, Stockholm and Reykjavik... In simultaneous announcements, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden and Iceland declare that they intend to continue trading with all belligerents to protect their economic existence.

A week after making his first broadcast to Britain, the Irish ex-Mosleyite William Joyce is given a contract with German radio.

SS Kensington Court is shelled and sunk by a German U-boat, 2 RAF Sunderland flying boats rescue 34 men.(This was the first known rescue by Seaplane in naval history). Court Line had just one ship called Kensington Court. She was a cargo ship with a relatively short span of operational use. Launched in 1927 she was sunk within a few days of the declaration of war on Germany by Britain and had already spent a number of years laid up.
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« Reply #28 on: 19 September 2009, 06:14:45 »
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September 19th 1939

Danzig
Hitler makes a triumphal entry into the formerly free city and makes a foreign policy speech that seems to offer conciliation with France and Britain, suggesting that the war could be concluded on the basis of the German territorial gains already achieved.
He also swears that Danzig will be German forever and that Germany will fight to the bitter end, if necessary.

Poland
The Soviet advance reaches the Hungarian frontier. In the north Vilna (Wilno) is taken. The Soviets link up with the Germans at Brest Litovsk, which is given up to the Soviets according to the provisions of the secret agreement of August 23, 1939.

Meanwhile, about 30,000 Polish troops reach Warsaw after fighting their way out of Kutno.

German bombers being a continuing assault on Warsaw, initially striking utilities and other essential public facilities.
Also, the battle of Bzura ends with the surrender of 100,000 officers and men of the defeated Polish Pomorze and Poznan armies (consisting of 19 Polish divisions). In eastern Poland, German forces surround Lvov.

The first British army corps (BEF) lands in France.
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« Reply #29 on: 20 September 2009, 21:13:33 »
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September 20th 1939

Me109


Fairey Battle


RAF and Luftwaffe aircraft engage when a flight of German Me109 fighters attack 3 Fairey Battle reconnaissance bombers over the Siegfried Line, over Aachen; 1 Me109 and 2 Battles are shot down.

London
Britain and France vow to keep fighting in response to recent peace offerings by Hitler. They declare that the Allies "will not permit a Hitler victory to condemn the world to slavery and to ruin all moral values and destroy liberty."
 
Meanwhile, the British Conservative Party government, under the leadership of Neville Chamberlain, is denounced by the Labour Party opposition, in the House of Commons, for failing to help Poland enough against the German and Soviet invaders.
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« Reply #30 on: 21 September 2009, 14:16:14 »
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September 21st 1939

Bucharest
The Romanian Prime Minister, Armand Calinescu, is murdered by members of the Iron Guard, a fascist organization (link). Assassins blocked the path of his car with a wooden cart and fired pistol shots into him and his bodyguards.

Iron Guard

The assailants then forcibly enter a radio station and broadcast that "the death sentence on Calinescu has been executed." They are later overpowered and shot to death at the location of their murder of the prime minister. A large crowd is present.
Their bodies are left to lie there for the next 24 hours. The assassination is in apparent retaliation for the tolerant, even sympathetic, attitude of the Romanian government toward Poland, exemplified by the acceptance of Polish military and civilian refugees.

Poland
German forces intensify the artillery bombardment of key points in Warsaw.
Nazi occupation authorities initiate "The Heydrich Plan" which involves the deportation of 600,000 Jews from Danzig and western Poland to central Poland to be concentrated in urban ghettoes.

Radio Luxemburg closes down.

London
The British government publishes its Blue Book of prewar diplomatic documents.

Washington
President Roosevelt addresses a special joint session of Congress and urges the repeal of the Neutrality Act provisions embargoing arms sales to belligerent countries.
"Our acts must be guided by one single hard-headed thought -- keeping America out of this war," the president said.
Allowing arms to be sold on a cash-and-carry basis would be "better calculated than any other means to keep us out of war."
In the United States... Newspapers allege that senior Nazis, including Goebbels and Hess, have foreign investments worth over $12 million.
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« Reply #31 on: 21 September 2009, 14:40:00 »
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President Roosevelt addresses a special joint session of Congress and urges the repeal of the Neutrality Act provisions embargoing arms sales to belligerent countries.

"Our acts must be guided by one single hard-headed thought -- keeping America out of this war," the president said.
 
Allowing arms to be sold on a cash-and-carry basis would be "better calculated than any other means to keep us out of war."

In the United States... Newspapers allege that senior Nazis, including Goebbels and Hess, have foreign investments worth over $12 million.


And Roosevelt had reason:

He was addressing certain and well known people: Apart from the big companies like GM, Ford, Sinclair Oil, Texaco who provided up to 50% of war necessary materials to Hitler Germany via the Thyssens and IG Farben - Hoechst today - and the steel barons Krupp up tp ´43 thrugh neutral states, paying like this to have thousands of US soldiers killed and hundreds of thousands more jews maimed, it was precisely the Bush Family (Prescott, grand father of GW) who bankrolled the Nazis, rising from a tyre salesman to super millionaire because of this business.

We are talking into late 1942 here, way after war entry of US (!):

Bush Family ties to funding the Nazis during WWII.


Further material:

http://www.abovetopsecret.com/forum/thread127088/pg1

http://theprogressivetruth.blogspot.com/2008/05/bush-family-legacy-ties-to-hitler-and.html

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/gindustry.html

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« Reply #32 on: 22 September 2009, 15:03:44 »
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September 22nd 1939

Poland
Rapidly advancing Soviet troops capture Lvov and Bialystok. In Brest-Litovsk Soviet and German forces conduct a joint victory parade.

Battle of Lvov (1939): On September 22, 1939, the act of surrender was signed in the suburb of Winniki. The Red Army accepted all conditions proposed by general W?adys?aw Langner. The privates and NCOs were to leave the city, register themselves at the Soviet authorities and be allowed to go home. The officers were to be allowed to keep their belongings and leave Poland for whichever country accepted them. The same day the Soviet forces entered the city and a period of Soviet occupation started. The act of surrender signed in the morning was broken by the Soviets shortly after noon, when the NKVD started arresting Polish officers. They were escorted to Tarnopol, from where they were sent to various Gulags in Russia, mostly to the infamous camp in Starobielsk. Most of them, including general Stanis?aw Sikorski himself, were murdered in what became known as the Katyn Massacre in 1940.


Meanwhile, Colonel General von Fritsch (link), former German Army Commander in Chief and an outspoken opponent of the Nazis government, is killed by a Polish sniper outside Warsaw.
Hitler visits the front, observing the shelling of the Warsaw suburb of Praga.

UK
The second meeting of the Allied Supreme War Council takes place. Although the meeting is supposed to be secret, a large crowd gathers outside the building in which the Allied leaders meet.
British Prime Minister Chamberlain, with Lord Halifax, the foreign secretary, and Lord Chatfield, the minister for coordination of defense meet French Primier Daladier, with General Gamelin, the Commander in Chief on the Western Front, Admiral Darlan, the Chief of the French Naval Staff, and M Dautry.
A communique issued later states that the Allied leaders discussed supplies of munitions.

Britain
Gasoline is rationed. Meanwhile, a report by the Metropolitan Police Commission in London indicates that road accidents have tripled in the three weeks since the blackout began. Also, courts are packed with cases of blackout violations.
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« Reply #33 on: 22 September 2009, 21:14:51 »
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Koen, as TA I shall run through your artilces and enforce line breaks, your layout is unreadable...  Brede lach (don´t worry, no action required from you).

What has me wondering, why did they ration Gasoline so early (I mean, we are just 3 weeks in the war, and forces haven´t made mor htan superficial contact yet)?

Premonition?  A state plan for such situations played off the book? Or was there really a shortage so fast?

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« Reply #34 on: 23 September 2009, 20:55:48 »
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Koen, as TA I shall run through your artilces and enforce line breaks, your layout is unreadable...  Brede lach (don´t worry, no action required from you).

What has me wondering, why did they ration Gasoline so early (I mean, we are just 3 weeks in the war, and forces haven´t made mor htan superficial contact yet)?

Premonition?  A state plan for such situations played off the book? Or was there really a shortage so fast?

Rattler


I guess they realised very quickly they were on an island AND that U-boats already sunk some vessels.
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« Reply #35 on: 23 September 2009, 20:56:19 »
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September 23rd 1939

Wireless sets are confiscated from all Jews in Germany.

German forces are reported to be counterattacking with no success to the French attacks.

Mussolini restates the Italian intention to remain neutral unless attacked, following a policy to "strengthen our army in preparation for any eventualities and support every possible peace effort while working in silence." He also suggests that the "liquidation" of Poland presents an opportunity for a European peace settlement.

Poland:
In Warsaw, food supplies are running out although the determination to resist remains among the Polish garrison surrounded in the city.
The German government issues a statement claiming that all organized fighting in Poland has ended. It states "The Polish Army of a million men has been defeated, captured, or routed. No single Polish active or reserve division escaped this fate. Only fractions of individual groups were able to avoid immediate destruction by fleeing into the swamps of eastern Poland. They succumbed there to Soviet troops. Of the entire Polish army only an insignificant remainder still is fighting at hopeless positions in Warsaw, in Modlin and on the Hela Peninsula."

North Atlantic:

SS Martti Ragnar was a Finnish steam freighter own by Ragnar Nordström and named after his son Martti-Ragnar Nordström. In 1939, while carrying a cargo of cellulose, sulfite and woodpulp from Kemi to Ellesmere Port in England, she was sunk by Unterseeboot 4 on 22 September in Skagerrak
Finnish steamer SS Haalow Lighthouse off the coast of Norway was taken over by a U-boot crew and blown up with dynamite.

Panama:
American states agree to a 300-mile (480 km) neutral zone off the coast of the the Americas.

Tokyo: Admiral Nomura becomes foreign minister in General Abe's recently appointed government. Between now and their fall in January 1940, some conciliatory moves are made toward the United States. These are not reciprocated and this strengthens the beliefs and standing of the more bellicose Japanese politicians.

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“We were completely disoriented, we had no idea about the Ribbentrop-Molotow pact. We did not know if they [the Soviet army] were coming to join us in our fight against the Germans or if this was a new attack. When we started to fight and the Soviet planes started bombarding us, it became clear what was going on [...] ” says 70 years later Stanislaw Matkowski [, Polish Army] whose unit was stationed on the Polish-Soviet border.

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« Reply #36 on: 24 September 2009, 18:57:59 »
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September 24 1939

Poland
German forces isolate Modlin Fortress, north of Warsaw; reports from Warsaw suggest heavy casualties among those in the city including wounded in hospitals. Meanwhile, Soviet forces enter the Galician oilfields.

AVIAÇÃO - Junkers JU-87 - STUKA - Bombardeiro de mergulho.

1150 German airplanes attack Warschau, amongst them the terryfying StuKa

The Battle of Grodno comes to an end: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Grodno_(1939)

North Atlantic
German U-boats sink a Swedish steamer carrying timber and a British cargo ship.

Freighter Hazleside* 4,646 tons sunk by Submarine torpedoes coordinates: 51.17N 09.22W

1940 HMS Spearfish returns home

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British Newsreel. April 22, 1940.HMS Spearfish was a Royal Navy S-class submarine which was launched April 21, 1936 and fought in World War II. Spearfish is one of 12 boats named in the song Twelve Little S-Boats. So far she has been the only ship of the Royal Navy to be named Spearfish.Her wartime career started inauspiciously, when on the 24th September, 1939, she was heavily damaged by German warships off Horns Reef. She was unable to submerge but nevertheless managed to escape. A rescue mission was undertaken by the British Humber force and Home Fleet, including the aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal, and the battleship HMS Nelson, which performed escort duty whilst search and rescue attempts were made. Spearfish safely put in Rosyth on the 26th, and repairs were completed in early March 1940.Another notable action occurred on April 4, 1940, when whilst patrolling in the Kattegat when she torpedoed and damaged the German pocket battleship Lützow, putting her out of action for over a year. Later that year, on May 20, she sunk two Danish fishing vessels with gunfire in the North Sea.Spearfish sailed from Rosyth on July 31 1940 to patrol off the Norwegian coast. On August 1 she was spotted on the surface by U34 who attacked and sank her. There was only one survivor.



United States
The American Farmer arrives in New York harbor with 29 survivors of the crew of the British steamer Kafristan, sunk by a German U-boat. Passengers and the master of the American Farmer said that while the survivors were still in their boats a British airplane swooped down on the German submarine, spraying its deck with machine gun fire and dropping bombs, one of which fell on the conning tower.

Germany
French bombers strike the German Zeppelin base at Friedrichshafen.

Western Front
French artillery fires on the German border.
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« Reply #37 on: 26 September 2009, 17:16:19 »
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September 25th 1939

Poland
German Luftwaffe strikes Warsaw with (fire)bombs


Hitler inspects his troops during the Invasion of Poland

Western Front
French artillery begin to bombard the German Rhine fortifications

RAF carries out reconnaissance flights over western Germany

Swedish steamer Silesia torpodoed by U-boats

The Turkish Foreign Minister, M. Sarajoglu, arrives in Moscow


General von Brauchitsch - Time cover 25 September 1939
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« Reply #38 on: 26 September 2009, 20:42:24 »
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September 26 1939

Near Helgoland (NL) a Dutch KLM (official Dutch civilian airline company) airplane gets shot down by a Luftwaffe fighter.

Poland
*The Soviet-Union starts reforming East-Poland to Russian model
*The German 8th Army, under the command of the German Army Commander in Chief, von Brauchitsch, joins the attack on Warsaw. There is a massive artillery bombardment of Warsaw, followed by a major German infantry assault, leaving the city center in flames. Poles recapture Mokotow Airport and 6 hastily rebuilt aircraft fly out during the night (September 26-27)

Western Front
French artillery fires on the forward defenses of the German Siegfried Line.

France
The Communist Party is dissolved by a presidential decree. It is now also illegal to propagandize themes of the Third International. (French communists at this time are leaders of the antiwar movement.) Some of the communist leaders are interned.

London
In the House of Commons, First Lord of the Admiralty, Winston Churchill, claims that Britain is winning the U-boat war. He says that one tenth of the German submarine fleet was destroyed in the first two weeks of the war and that the losses are probably a quarter and perhaps a third by now.

Luftwaffe attacks the British Fleet in Scapa Flow (Scapa Flow)
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« Reply #39 on: 27 September 2009, 17:45:39 »
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September 27 1939

Warsaw surrenders after the continous heavy bombing and 19 days of resistance. Warsaw surrenders after two days of intensive air and artillery bombardment. The siege has resulted in the deaths of some 2000 Polish soldiers and 10,000 civilians. A total of 40,000 people are believed to have been killed or injured. About one eighth of the buildings in the city have been destroyed. German forces take about 150,000 prisoners. General von Blaskowitz, who received the Polish surrender, allows the Polish officers to keep their swords and promises that the troops will only go into captivity for as long as it takes to "dispose of the necessary formalities." The terms of the capitulation provide for the immediate relief of the civilian population and the wounded.

After the Russian ruling in the East of Poland Germany installs a military German ruling in the west.

President Roosevelt appeals to Hitler for peacetalks.

Quote
House of Commons:
HIS MAJESTY'S SHIP "COURAGEOUS."
27 September 1939

    § 26. Rear-Admiral Sir Murray Sueter

    asked the First Lord of the Admiralty whether, after full consideration, he is satisfied that the protection given to the aircraft carrier "Courageous" was sufficient; and, if not, can he give an assurance that in future instructions will be given that aircraft carriers when proceeding throughwaters where submarines may be expected will have the same protecting screen of destroyers as is given to battleships?

    § The First Lord of the Admiralty (Mr. Churchill)

    I cannot undertake to hamper the judgment of experienced sea officers by any general ruling as to the degree of risk they should accept. This must depend upon the need or opportunity of the moment and the resources available. For the rest I would refer my hon. and gallant Friend to the remarks which I made yesterday on this subject.



Hitler tells his service chiefs that he plans to attack in the west as soon as possible and sets the date as November 12th. He has reached this decision entirely on his own. Army representative oppose the decision. Meanwhile, Hitler establishes the Reichssicherheitshauptamt [Reich Chief Security Office] (RSHA) under Reinhart Heydrich, who now heads the Gestapo, the Criminal Police (Kripo) and the Security Service (SD)

Warszawa 1939
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