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Author Topic: 2nd SS Panzer Division "Das Reich"  (Read 10354 times)
Mad_Russian
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« on: 6 November 2008, 07:25:22 »
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2nd SS Panzer Division "Das Reich" History

The 2.SS first took part in the Campaigns in the West against the Low Countries and France in 1940, and did so as the SS-V.T.-Division. It first saw action in the main drive for Rotterdam. After Rotterdam the Division, along with other Divisions, intercepted a French Force and pushed them back to the area of Zeeland. Next, it was used to mop-up small pockets of resistance in the areas already captured by the Germans. The Division was then transfered to France and helped breach a stiffly defended canal line, and then participated in the drive on Paris. At the end of the Campaign, it had advanced all the way to the Spanish Frontier.

Originally, the SS-V.T.-Division was composed of three of the original four SS-Standarten. LAH was the other SS-Standarten, and it was developed on its own. The other three SS-Standarten were Deutschland, Germania and Der Fuhrer. After the Western Campaign was over, the SS-V.T.-Division was reorganized. The SS-Standarten Germania was transfered out of the Division and along with the SS-Standarten, Nordland and Westland, formed the backbone of a different SS-Division, Germania, which was soon to become the Wiking Division. For the loss of Germania, the SS-V.T.-Division was given a SS-Totenkopfstandarte designated as SS-Infanterie Regiment 11. Soon after, the Division changed its title from V.T. to Deutschland, and soon after that, to Reich.

During the period after the fall of France, the Division was stationed in France preparing for the invasion of England. The Division, now called Reich, was moved to Roumania to take part in the invasion of Yugoslavia and Greece in March of 1941. In April, 1941, Reich took part in the successful capture of Belgrade, the Capital of Yugoslavia. After the capture of Belgrade, the Division was moved to Poland to take part in the upcoming invasion of the Soviet Union.

During the invasion of the Soviet Union, Reich fought with Army Group Center, taking part in the Battle of Yalnya near Smolensk, and then in the spearhead to capture Moscow. Reich came within a few miles of the Soviet Capital in November, 1941, reaching a sort of "High Water Mark" of the Germanadvance in the Soviet Union. With the Soviet Capital within sight of the Division, weather, massive losses and a major Soviet Winter Counter-Offensive pushed the Division back. After a period of very bloody losses for the Division, Reich was pulled out of the fighting and sent to France to refit as a Panzer-Grenadier Division. Part of the Division was left in the East, and they were titled Kampfgroup Ostendorf. Ostendork was sent to join Reich on June, 1942.

In November, 1942, portions of the Division took part in an attempt to prevent the scuttling of the French Fleet at Toulon. Soon after, the Division was retitled again, this time to SS-Panzer-Grenadier-Division "Das Reich".

Early in 1943, Das Reich was transferd back to the Eastern Front where it helped reclaim the crumbling central front around Kharkov. After helping recapture the city of Kharkov, Das Reich along with many other Divisions was thrown into a massive assault into the Kursk Salient, a huge bulge in the Soviet Front line around the area of Kursk. Das Reich pushed upwards of 40 miles into the southern sector of the bulge, but was pulled out of the battle along with the other SS-Division when the offensive was called off. After a period of brief encounters, Das Reich was refit once again, this time as SS-Panzer-Division "Das Reich". In doing so, it left a portion the Division in the East titled Kampfgroup Das Reich, and officially know as Kampfgroup Lammerding. The rest of the Division was transferd to the West to refit, and while doing so also took part in anti-partisan operations in France.

In Winter, 1943/1944, another massive Soviet Winter Counter Offensive managed to encircle German units in the center of the front. The Kamfgroup that Das Reich left behind was one of the units encircled by the Soviet Offensive, and an assault by II. SS Panzer Korps managed to rescue the trapped elements of Das Reich. The Kampfgroup was then transfered to France to join the rest of the Division already station there. The remaining small portion of Das Reich left in the East was renamed Kampfgroup Weidinger and was envolved in the retreats through Proskurow abd Tarnopol.

After the D-Day invasion in Normany, France, Das Reich was comitted to stop the Allied advance, and took part in the many attempts to stop the Allies near Caen and St. Lo. The Division recaptured Mortain, but was forced to retreat when it became apparent the Allies were going to encircle the Division along with a large number of other German units in the Falises Pocket. Thanks to the efforts of Das Reich along with the 9th SS-Panzer Division, a large number of German were able to escape the pocket and retreat to the east.

Pulled back across the Seine River and then to behind the West Wall fortifications in France, the 2nd SS Panzer Division then took part in the operations to punch through the Ardennes Forest in December, 1944. Coming within sight of the River Meus, the Division was halted, and then slowly smashed by fierce Allied counter-attacks. Pulled out of the offensive, Das Reich was transfered into Germany to again refit, and then to take part in the last German offenisve of the war in Hungary to attempt to break the seige around Budapest. This offensive also ground to a halt, and Das Reich spent the rest of the war more-or-less fighting in parts from Dresden, to Prague to Vienna. In the end, most of the Division managed to escape to the West to surrender to the Americans.


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Feldgrau
« Last Edit: 8 November 2008, 08:49:46 by Koen » Logged
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« Reply #1 on: 6 November 2008, 07:27:33 »
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Tactical Organization of the 2nd SS Panzer Division "DR" at specific times.

SS-Verfungs-Division
I,II,III/SS.VT-Standarte Der Fuhrer
I,II,III/SS.VT-Standarte Deutschland
I,II,III/SS.VT-Standarte Germania
I,II,III/SS.VT-Artillerie-Standarte
IV,V/SS.VT-Artillerie-Standarte
SS.VT-Aufklarung-Abteilung
SS.VT-Panzerjager Battalion (formed 10 June 1939)
SS.VT-Flak-Abteilung (formed 10 June 1939)
SS.VT-Pioneer-Abteilung
SS.VT-Nachrichten-Abteilung
SS.VT-Panzerabwehr-Abteilung
SS.VT-Flak-Abteilung
SS-Ersatz-Abteilung


SS-Division Reich (mot.)
SS-Regiment Deutschland
SS-Regiment Der Fuhrer
SS-Infanterie-Regiment 11 (Disbanded November, 1940)
SS-Artillerie-Regiment Reich
SS-Panzerjager-Abteilung Reich
SS-Pioneer-Abteilung Reich
SS-Flak-Abteilung Reich
SS-Nachrichten-Abteilung
Reich Divisional Support Troops

June, 1941
SS-Regiment Der Fuhrer
SS-Regiment Deutschland
SS-Kradschutzen-Abteilung
SS-Artillerie-Regiment
SS-Aufklarung-Abteilung
SS-Panzerjager-Abteilung
SS-Flak-Abteilung
SS-Pioneer-Abteilung
SS-Sturmgeschutz-Batterie

Order of battle - SS-Division Reich (1941-1942)

SS-Infanterie Regiment Deutschland
   I. Battalion
      1. Kompanie
      2. Kompani
      3. Kompanie
      4. Kompanie
   II. Battalion
      5. Kompanie
      6. Kompanie
      7. Kompanie
      8. Kompanie
   III. Battalion
      9. Kompanie
      10. Kompanie
      11. Kompanie
      12. Kompanie
      13. Kompanie
      14. Kompanie
      15. Kompanie
      16. Kompanie
   Leichte Infanterie Kolonne

SS-Infanterie Regiment Der Führer
   I. Battalion
      1. Kompanie
      2. Kompanie
      3. Kompanie
      4. Kompanie
   II. Battalion
      5. Kompanie
      6. Kompanie
      7. Kompanie
      8. Kompanie
   III. Battalion
      9. Kompanie
      10. Kompanie
      11. Kompanie
      12. Kompanie
      13. Kompanie
      14. Kompanie
      15. Kompanie
      16. Kompanie
   Leichte Infanterie Kolonne

SS-Infanterie Regiment 11
   I. Battalion
      1. Kompanie
      2. Kompanie
      3. Kompanie
      4. Kompanie
   II. Battalion
      5. Kompanie
      6. Kompanie
      7. Kompanie
      8. Kompanie
   III. Battalion
      9. Kompanie
      10. Kompanie
      11. Kompanie
      12. Kompanie
      13. Kompanie
      14. Kompanie
      15. Kompanie
      16. Kompanie
   Leichte Intanterie Kolonne

Artillerie Regiment
   I. Abteilung
      1. Batterie
      2. Batterie
      3. Batterie
   II. Abteilung
      4. Batterie
      5. Batterie
      6. Batterie
   III. Abteilung
      7. Batterie
      8. Batterie
      9. Batterie
   IV. Abteilung
      13. Batterie
      14. Batterie
      15. Batterie

Sturmgeschütz Batterie Messbatterie

Krad Schützen Bataillon
   1. Kompanie
   2. Kompanie
   3. Kompanie
   4. Kompanie
   5. Kompanie

Aufklärungs Abteilung
   1. Kompanie
   2. Kompanie
   3. Kompanie

Leichte Aufklärungskolonne

Panzerjäger Abteilung
   1. Kompanie
   2. Kompanie
   3. Kompanie

Pionier Abteilung
   1. Kompanie
   2. Kompanie
   3. Kompanie

Brückenkolonne
Leichte Pionier Kolonne

Nachrichten abteilung
   1. Kompanie
   2. Kompanie

Leichte Nachrichten Kolonne
Wirtschafts Bataillon
Verpflegungsamt
Bäckerie Kompanie
Schlachterie Kompanie

Nachschubdienste
   1. Kraftwagenkolonne
   2. Kraftwagenkolonne
   3. Kraftwagenkolonne
   4. Kraftwagenkolonne
   5. Kraftwagenkolonne
   6. Kraftwagenkolonne
   7. Kraftwagenkolonne
   8. Kraftwagenkolonne
   9. Kraftwagenkolonne
   10. Kraftwagenkolonne
   11. Kraftwagenkolonne
   12. Kraftwagenkolonne
   13. Kraftwagenkolonne
   14. Kraftwagenkolonne
   15. Kraftwagenkolonne

Nachschubkompanie

Instandsetzungsdienst
   1. Werkstattkompanie
   2. Werkstattkompanie
   3. Werkstattkompanie

Ersatz Kolonne
Sanitätsabteilung

   Feldazarett
   1. Sanitätskompanie
   2. Sanitätskompanie
   1. Krankenkraftwagenzug
   2. Krankenkraftwagenzug
   3. Krankenkraftwagenzug


General Composition 44-45

Stab der Division
3.SS-Panzergrenadier Regiment "Deutschland
4.SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment "Der Fuhrer"
SS-Infanterie-Regiment "Langemarck" (Removed Summer, 1943)
2.SS-Panzer-Regiment
2.SS-Panzerjager-Abteilung
2.SS-Sturmgeschutz-Abteilung
2.SS-Panzer-Artillerie-Regiment
2.SS-Flak-Abteilung
2.SS-Werfer-Abteilung
2.SS-Panzer-Nachrichten-Abteilung
2.SS-Panzer-Aufklarungs-Abteilung
2.SS-Panzer-Pionier-Batallion
2.SS-Kradschutzen-Batallion
2.SS-Dina
2.SS-Feldlazarett
2.SS-Kriegsberichter-Zug
2.SS-Feldgendarmerie-Trupp
2.SS-Feldersatz-Battillon


PRIMARY SOURCES:

Feldgrau
2nd SS OOB 1941-1942
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« Reply #2 on: 6 November 2008, 07:29:24 »
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Order of battle - SS-Panzergrenadier-Division Das Reich (1942-1943)

SS-Panzergrenadier Regiment Deutschland
   I. Battalion
      1. Kompanie
      2. Kompanie
      3. Kompanie
      4. Kompanie
   II. Battalion
      5. Kompanie
      6. Kompanie
      7. Kompanie
      8. Kompanie
   III. Battalion
      9. Kompanie
      10. Kompanie
      11. Kompanie
      12. Kompanie
      13. Kompanie

SS-Panzergrenadier Regiment Der Führer
   I. Battalion
      1. Kompanie
      2. Kompanie
      3. Kompanie
      4. Kompanie
   II. Battalion
      5. Kompanie
      6. Kompanie
      7. Kompanie
      8. Kompanie
   III. Battalion
      9. Kompanie
      10. Kompanie
      11. Kompanie
      12. Kompanie
      13. Kompanie

Artillerie Regiment
   I. Abteilung
      1. Batterie
      2. Batterie
      3. Batterie
   II. Abteilung
      4. Batterie
      5. Batterie
      6. Batterie
   III. Abteilung
      7. Batterie
      8. Batterie
      9. Batteri
   IV. Abteilung
      10. Batterie
      11. Batterie
      12. Batterie

Kradschützen Bataillon Langemarck
   1. Kompanie
   2. Kompanie
   3. Kompanie
   4. Kompanie
   5. Kompanie

Panzer Regiment
   I. Abteilung
      1. Kompanie
      2. Kompanie
      3. Kompanie
   II. Abteilung
      4. Kompanie
      5. Kompanie
      6. Kompanie
Schwere Panzer Kompanie
Panzer Pionier Kompanie

Panzer Werkstatt Kompanie
   1. Leichte Panzer Kolonne
   2. Leichte Panzer Kolonne

Sturmgeschütz Abteilung
   1. Batterie
   2. Batterie
   3. Batterie

Aufklärungs Abteilung
   1. Kompanie
   2. Kompanie
   3. Kompanie
Leichte Aufklärungskolonne

Panzerjäger Abteilung
   1. Kompanie
   2. Kompanie
   3. Kompanie

Flak Abteilung
   1. Batterie
   2. Batterie
   3. Batterie
   4. Batterie
   5. Batterie
Leichte Artillerie Kolonne

Pionier Abteilung
   1. Kompanie
   2. Kompanie
   3. Kompanie
Brückenkolonne
Leichte Pionier Kolonne

Nachrichten Abteilung
   1. Kompanie
   2. Kompanie
Leichte Nachrichten Kolonne

Wirtschafts Bataillon
Verpflegungsamt
Bäckerie Kompanie
Schlachterie Kompanie

Nachschubdienste
   1. Kraftwagenkolonne
   2. Kraftwagenkolonne
   3. Kraftwagenkolonne
   4. Kraftwagenkolonne
   5. Kraftwagenkolonne
   6. Kraftwagenkolonne
   7. Kraftwagenkolonne
   8. Kraftwagenkolonne
   9. Kraftwagenkolonne
   10. Kraftwagenkolonne
   11. Kraftwagenkolonne
   12. Kraftwagenkolonne
   13. Kraftwagenkolonne
   14. Kraftwagenkolonne
   15. Kraftwagenkolonne

Nachschubkompanie
Waffen Werkstattkompanie

Instandsetzungsdienst
   1. Werkstattkompanie
   2. Werkstattkompanie
   3. Werkstattkompanie

Ersatz Kolonne

Sanitätsabteilung
   Feldazarett
   1. Sanitätskompanie
   2. Sanitätskompanie
   1. Krankenkraftwagenzug
   2. Krankenkraftwagenzug
   3. Krankenkraftwagenzug

Stabskompanie
Feldgendarmerie Kompanie
Feldpostamt
Kriegsberichter Kompanie



PRIMARY SOURCES:

2nd SS Panzer OOB 1942-1943
« Last Edit: 6 November 2008, 11:35:42 by Koen » Logged
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« Reply #3 on: 6 November 2008, 07:30:39 »
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Order of battle - SS-Panzer Division Das Reich (1943-1945)

2. SS-Panzer Regiment
   I. Abteilung
      1. Kompanie
      2. Kompanie
      3. Kompanie
   II. Abteilung
      4. Kompanie
      5. Kompanie
      6. Kompanie

SS-Panzergrenadier Regiment Deutschland
   I. Battalion
      1. Kompanie
      2. Kompanie
      3. Kompanie
      4. Kompanie
   II. Battalion
      5. Kompanie
      6. Kompanie
      7. Kompanie
      8. Kompanie
   III. Battalion
      9. Kompanie
      10. Kompanie
      11. Kompanie
      12. Kompanie
      13. Kompanie

SS-Panzergrenadier Regiment Der Führer
   I. Battalion
      1. Kompanie
      2. Kompanie
      3. Kompanie
      4. Kompanie
   II. Battalion
      5. Kompanie
      6. Kompanie
      7. Kompanie
      8. Kompanie
   III. Battalion
      9. Kompanie
      10. Kompanie
      11. Kompanie
      12. Kompanie
      13. Kompanie

2. SS-Panzer Artillerie Regiment
   I. Abteilung
      1. Batterie
      2. Batterie
      3. Batterie
   II. Abteilung
      4. Batterie
      5. Batterie
      6. Batterie
   III. Abteilung
      7. Batterie
      8. Batterie
      9. Batterie
   IV. Abteilung
      10. Batterie
      11. Batterie
      12. Batterie

2. SS-Kradschützen Bataillon
   1. Kompanie
   2. Kompanie
   3. Kompanie
   4. Kompanie
   5. Kompanie

2. SS-Sturmgeschütz Abteilung
   1. Batterie
   2. Batterie
   3. Batterie

2. SS-Aufklarungs Abteilung
   1. Kompanie
   2. Kompanie
   3. Kompanie
Leichte Aufklärungskolonne

2. SS-Panzerjäger Abteilung
   1. Kompanie
   2. Kompanie
   3. Kompanie

2. SS-Flak Abteilung
   1. Batterie
   2. Batterie
   3. Batterie
   4. Batterie
   5. Batterie
Leichte Artillerie Kolonne

2. SS-Panzer Pionier Abteilung
   1. Kompanie
   2. Kompanie
   3. Kompanie
Brückenkolonne
Leichte Pionier Kolonne

2. SS-Nachrichten Abteilung
   1. Kompanie
   2. Kompanie
Leichte Nachrichten Kolonne

2. SS-Wirtschafts Bataillon
Verpflegungsamt
Bäckerie Kompanie
Schlachterie Kompanie

2. SS-Nachschubdienste
   1. Kraftwagenkolonne
   2. Kraftwagenkolonne
   3. Kraftwagenkolonne
   4. Kraftwagenkolonne
   5. Kraftwagenkolonne
   6. Kraftwagenkolonne
   7. Kraftwagenkolonne
   8. Kraftwagenkolonne
   9. Kraftwagenkolonne
   10. Kraftwagenkolonne
   11. Kraftwagenkolonne
   12. Kraftwagenkolonne
   13. Kraftwagenkolonne
   14. Kraftwagenkolonne
   15. Kraftwagenkolonne

Nachschubkompanie
Waffen Werkstattkompanie
   2. SS-Instandsetzungsdienst
   1. Werkstattkompanie
   2. Werkstattkompanie
   3. Werkstattkompanie

Ersatz Kolonne

2. SS-Sanitätsabteilung
   Feldazarett
   1. Sanitatskompanie
   2. Sanitatskompanie
   1. Krankenkraftwagenzug
   2. Krankenkraftwagenzug
   3. Krankenkraftwagenzug

Stabskompanie
Feldgendarmerie Truppe
Feldpostamt
2. SS-Kriegsberichter Zug


PRIMARY SOURCES:

2nd SS Panzer Division OOB 1943-1945
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« Reply #4 on: 6 November 2008, 07:32:01 »
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2nd SS Panzer Division "DR" War Service

Date-Corps-Army-Army Group-Area

1.41 - 3.41 XXXXI 1. Armee D France

4.41 XXXXI 12. Armee - Yugoslavia

5.41 - 6.41 Refreshing BdE - Wehrkreis XVII

7.41 - 9.41 XXXXVI 2. Panzergruppe Mitte Smolensk, Kiev

10.41 LXVII 4. Panzergruppe Mitte Vyasma

11.41 - 12.41 XXXX 4. Panzergruppe Mitte Moscow

1.42 XXXXVI 4. Pz. Armee Mitte Moshaisk

2.42 VI 9. Armee Mitte Rzhev

3.42 - 4.42 XXXXVI 9. Armee Mitte Rzhev
 
5.42 XXVII 9. Armee Mitte Rzhev
 
6.42 Reserve 9. Armee Mitte Rzhev
 
9.42 - 11.42 SS Panzerkorps 15. Armee D Rennes
 
12.42 - 1.43 Reserve - D Rennes
 
2.43 Reserve OKH B South Russia
 
3.43 SS Panzerkorps 4. Pz. Armee S?d Charkov
 
4.43 Reserve Kempf S?d Charkow
 
5.43 - 6.43 Refreshing - S?d Charkow
 
7.43 II. SS Charkow S?d Bjelgorod
 
8.43 Reserve OKH 4. Pz. Armee S?d Stalino
 
9.43 III 8. Armee S?d Poltava
 
10.43 XXIV 8. Armee S?d Dnjepr
 
11.43 XXXXVIII 4. Pz. Armee S?d Kiev, Fastow
 
12.43 XXXXII 4. Pz. Armee S?d Shitomir
 
1.44* XXXXVIII 4. Pz. Armee S?d Winniza
 
2.44 - 3.44* LXXXVI 1. Armee D Toulouse
 
4.44 I. SS refreshing D Toulouse
 
5.44 - 6.44 Reserve 7. Armee D Toulouse
 
7.44 LXXXIV 5. Pz. Armee B Normandy
 
8.44 II. SS 7. Armee B Normandy
 
9.44 (kgr.) I. SS 7. Armee B Eifel
 
10.44 (kgr.) LXVI 6. Pz. Armee B Eifel
 
11.44 refreshing BdE 6. Pz. Armee - Paderborn
 
12.44 Reserve 6. Pz. Armee OB West Ardennes
 
1.45 II. SS 4. Pz. Armee B Ardennes
 
2.45 - 3.45 refreshing/reserve BdE S?d Hungary
 
4.45 II. SS - S?d Hungary
 
5.45 - - Mitte B?hmen

* a battle group (kampfgruppe) remained in Russia 2.44 - 3.44:


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Feldgrau
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