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Author Topic: Mines in the Dutch army 1980's  (Read 1773 times)
stoffel
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« on: 6 March 2009, 16:05:04 »
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The Dutch army used two types of mines when I first enlisted the army in the 80's.
These were:

Trotylmine nr 26C1 (against armor targets)
This mine was painted green/brown and had a weight of 9 kg.
A pressure of 3000N or 300 kg was enough to explode the mine.
The mine was free of metal parts and therefor was undetectable with standard mine detectors.

Anti personelmine nr 22C1 (against personel)
This mine was made of plastic and explosives, it was green with yellow markings.
A pressure of only 50N or 5kg is enough to detonate the mine.

There were 2 ways to use the mines:

Minefields were  used to protect flanks or approaches of fortified positions.
The mines were dug in or camouflaged and were placed at a regular distance in varying patterns( according to terrain).

Daisychain
A daisy chain is nothing more than  several mines tied together by rope or nailed on a wooden plank.
A soldier could pull them over the road when a vehicle or tank approaches his position.

Below you find a schematic example of a protective field and a daisy chain.



In 1997 the Dutch government agreed with the anti-mine treaty of Ottawa.
This treaty forbids countries to produce/spread or sell landmines.
Therefore the government disposed and destroyed most of the 500.000 mines from its inventory.
Today we still have a limited number of DM31 Antitankmines for defensive purposes.

Several mines manufacturing countries did not agree to the treaty for various reasons, they are:

China
Egypt
India
Israel
Pakistan
Russia
US


AT Minefields are still allowed but their position has to be drawn on a map and they need to have a self-destruction device.
All new produced landmines need to have at least 8 grams of metal to make them findable.

Countries in the world with dense/dangerous minefields are:

Afghanistan
Angola
Bosnia
Cambodia
Iraq
Kuwait(border with Iraq)
Mozambique
Nicaragua
Rwanda
Somalia
Sudan
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My topics are about my personal opinion, my thoughts and what I think. They do not reflect the official opinion of the ministry of defense of the Netherlands.
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