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Author Topic: The Money of War  (Read 174301 times)
Rattler
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« Reply #20 on: 28 March 2009, 02:04:37 »
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Here a nice take on money and bills and how banks worked from one of my favorite books about those times (Neal Stephenson´s Cryptonomicon) to put things into perspective with respect to China at those times and what the USMC lived:

Rattler


One of my favorite books! Have you read his Baroque Cycle?
Wait until you see my posts for the 1930s Chinese banknotes; they go in a different topic as they are more numerous.


Just "Quicksilver", those are hard to get here in Spain with their strange editing methods (they made *3* volumes just out of Cryptonomicon, each with a different name and of cause w/o any sense if you just read one, a shame...) and I prefer to read him in English (the German translation is excellent, though).

I like his style and humor, and Cryptonomicon for me (given that Quicksilver introduces a few of the basics) is his top work that I have read, it equals "Perfume" (Patrick Süskind), "The Discovery of Slowliness" (Sten Nadolny) or "Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance" (Robert Pirsig) in its focus on one sense or mental branch and it´s quality as literature.

Rattler
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"War does not determine who is right, war determines who is left...": The Rattler Way Of Life (thanks! to Solideo)... http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n9v3Vyr5o2Q
Alan65
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« Reply #21 on: 2 April 2009, 02:22:28 »
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Italian 1940 5 lira note showing King Vittorio Emanuele III.

the 100 lira banknote issued by the interim government in 1944.

the 50 lira note from the same series.  Issued by the Banca d'Italia, December 1944.

5 lira banknote issued November 1944, after the fall of Rome.

and the 10 lira note from the same series of 'bigleietto di stato.'


military occupation currency of Italy looks like the French, German and Japanese of WWII.  This is the 1 lira note, issued in 1943.




and here are the 2-, 5-, 10- and 50-lira notes; there were also 100-, 500- and 1,000-lira denominations.

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Alan65
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« Reply #22 on: 2 April 2009, 02:52:10 »
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This 5 yen note was issued in 1942, with Kitano Shrine at left and Sugawara Michizane at right.

10 yen 1943 Japanes banknote; Wakeno Kiyomaro pictured at right.

This 1 yen note was issued c.1944-45 and has Takeuchi Sukune's portrait in the center.

50 sen military occupation note of 1945

The 1 yen note for the Allied military occupation series--note the similarity to the other occupation notes in design. These were in use in Japan from 1945 through at least 1957 by military personnel.

5 yen note from the same series, issued 1945.

and the 20 yen denomination of the occupation currency.

and the 100 yen example; it also came in 1,000 yen denomination.


the above two examples are from 1946 just to show that occupation currency wasn't the only money in circulation in Japan after the war; these 1- and 10-yen notes would have been used by ordinary Japanese citizens.


This is the 1943 1 yen Japanese currency; note the serial number has a different lay-out than the one above with the hand-writing across the front.

1944 5 sen (100sen=1yen) note of Japan.

and the 10-sen note of 1944.

50 sen banknote issued by "Great Imperial Japanese Government" in 1942, '43 and '44. (the Showa year--17, 18 or 19--appears in the column of Japanese text on the far right, below the bird's tale; in this case, the 'cross' + 'the two lines leaning on each other' are "18" or 1943.

1942 50 sen note.

and the 1944 example.

the 10 yen banknote of 1943 and '44.

and finally (for now) the 100 yen 1944 Japan banknote, showing Yumedono pavilion at left and a portrait of Shotoku-taishi.
« Last Edit: 2 April 2009, 03:23:07 by Alan65 » Logged
Alan65
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« Reply #23 on: 2 April 2009, 03:28:39 »
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This example of the Latvian 25 latu note was issued in 1938 but would have been in circulation when WWII started and even when the Soviets invaded in 1941.
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Alan65
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« Reply #24 on: 2 April 2009, 03:36:45 »
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This is a faded copy of the 1942 Lebanon 25 piastres banknote.

and here is the back side of the 1944 Lebanese 5 piastres note. (the front isn't as interesting.)

this is the front of the 10 piastres note of the same 1944 issue.
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« Reply #25 on: 2 April 2009, 03:38:29 »
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the lone example in my collection of Luxembourg WWII currency is the 1944 issue of the 5 franc note showing Grand Duchess Charlotte on the front.
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Alan65
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« Reply #26 on: 2 April 2009, 03:52:14 »
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The following are all Japanese government occupation notes of 1942-45 issue.  The 1-, 5-, 10- and 50-cent and 1- and 5-dollar notes are from 1942; the 10 dollare note was issued in 1942-44; there were two types of 100-dollar designs, one from '44 and one from '45.  The 1,000 dollar denomination came out in 1945.  Inflation was generally the cause of the higher values coming out later in the war. 


These two 1-cent notes differ only in the serial number letter pre-fix; one is 'fractional' the other 'block' format.



The 5-, 10- and 50-cent designs from 1942.


and the 1- (1942) and 10-dollar (1944) banknotes from the Japanese occupation issue.  The design gets fancier with the higher values.
« Last Edit: 2 April 2009, 03:59:40 by Alan65 » Logged
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« Reply #27 on: 2 April 2009, 04:15:50 »
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This Moroccan 5 franc banknote was issued in 1943.

Here is the 10 francs note also from 1943.  Note that a Philadelphia printer had the contract to print these banknotes.



The above two images show a 50 centimes and 1 franc currency note from the 1944 'emergency' issue for the Empire Cherifien, a Protectorate of France. The 'Cherifien Empire' bit merely refers to Morocco being a sherif (ruled by a descendant of Mohammed) dynasty.  These two are merely thick pieces of cardboard, about an inch square.
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« Reply #28 on: 2 April 2009, 04:28:08 »
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this 1938 1 gulden 'silver note' was what was in circulation when the Germans invaded in 1940.
 


These 1- and 10-gulden notes are from the non-German ocupation 1943 issue.
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« Reply #29 on: 2 April 2009, 04:38:36 »
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These two are the Netherland Indies 1943 issue of the 50 cent and 1 gulden currency notes.  They are obviously very like the Netherland notes of the same year except for the name.






and these occupation notes issued by the Japanese government for use in the Netherland Indies are obviously very similar to the notes I've already listed for Malaya.  They come with the 'fractional' and 'block' serial letters but have Dutch instead of English on them. They are all from 1942.
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« Reply #30 on: 2 April 2009, 19:52:28 »
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thx for sharing  smallclap
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Alan65
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« Reply #31 on: 2 April 2009, 20:00:26 »
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of course! why keep it locked up out of view? hopefully there's some interest in seeing this on this site.  I believe it gives us a 'feel' for the times in another way that some relics don't.
I have been asked via PM about other eras and countries; when I'm done with WWII years, I'll have more to post from other countries/eras.
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« Reply #32 on: 3 April 2009, 00:50:36 »
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This 1941 New Hebrides 5 francs banknote has obviously seen better days.  This is the New Caledonia 5 francs note issued starting in the late 1920s with a red overprint in the center "Nouvelles Hebrides France Libre".  While Great Britain and France both administered the islands, the Bank of Indo-china (a French concern) issued the paper currency.
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« Reply #33 on: 3 April 2009, 00:55:02 »
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here is the 1 Pound New Zealand banknote of WWII.  This issue was first established in 1940 with the signature 'T.P. Hanna'; with other signatures this design was issued through 1967.
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« Reply #34 on: 3 April 2009, 01:01:29 »
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Oceania was the name for many Pacific Islands; the formerly British-controlled ones had these issued by the Japanese goverment when they took over.  Many design elements are the same as other occupation currency from the Japanese.  The British denominations tell us which islands they were for. 
These were all issued starting in 1942.  There was a 10 shilling note, too, which I don't have.
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« Reply #35 on: 3 April 2009, 01:07:38 »
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The Palesinte Currency Board issued this 500 mils (1000 mils=1 pound) in April of 1939.
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Alan65
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« Reply #36 on: 3 April 2009, 01:54:15 »
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First, here are the Japanese occupation notes issued starting in 1942.  There were two different designs for the 5 and 10 peso notes shown; the ones with the buildings to the side were from 1943, not '42.  The 100, 500 and 1000 peso banknotes are from 1944-45, again inflation was rampant when the issuing government had no incentive to keep the amount of money low; when it needed to pay someone, it printed the banknotes.  You will notice the similar design with other occupation notes.  The letters tell us which country the note was for:  B for Burma; M for Malaya; O for Oceania; P for the Philippines, etc. (I'm not sure why the Dutch East Indies got an 'S'--Surabaya, perhaps?)



After the war, Philippine notes with the pre-war design had "VICTORY" over-printed on the back.  here are the 1 and 2 peso notes.


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« Reply #37 on: 3 April 2009, 01:56:11 »
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here is the 1 ruble banknote in use during WWII.  First issued in 1938, this design was not replaced until 1947 (they had other things on their minds than paper currency.)
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« Reply #38 on: 4 April 2009, 05:01:29 »
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This is the Swiss 5 Franken banknote issued 1944; this design was actually in use from 1913 to 1953, the date and signatures being the only things that would change from time to time as new officials took office.
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Alan65
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« Reply #39 on: 4 April 2009, 05:04:41 »
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One of my favorites--I'm not sure why--is the Trinidad & Tobago currency. This is the 1 dollar bill of 1942; different signatures/dates in '39 and '43 but the same over-all design.
because I like it so much, here's the back:
« Last Edit: 4 April 2009, 05:17:12 by Alan65 » Logged
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