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Author Topic: 91st Luftlandedivision  (Read 19274 times)
FACman
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« on: 10 March 2009, 16:52:25 »
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Was the 91st Luftlandedivision a formation found in the Luftwaffe or Heer? Can anyone point me in the direction of their OOB & deployment on 6jun44.

I have been here...http://www.lexikon-der-wehrmacht.de/inhaltsverzeichnis1.htm
Unfortunately it has been some 40 years since I last studied Deutsche. After some 3 hrs struggling with translating just one piece of info from the site, I have very little to show for it. So I seek someplace to find the info in english.

Thanks!

ays,

J
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« Reply #1 on: 10 March 2009, 17:25:17 »
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source: http://www.axishistory.com/index.php?id=1272

Quote
91. Luftlande Infanterie-Division was formed in January 1944. Although earmarked and equipped for air landing operations, the division was transferred to Normandy in May 1944 where it formed part of the static defenses of the Cotentin Peninsula. The division was strengthened by the attachment of Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 6 and Panzer-Ersatz- und Ausbildungs-Abteilung 100. The division was destroyed near Cherbourg on 22 June 1944 and disbanded on 10 August 1944.



Quote
Order of battle

Grenadier-Regiment 1057
Grenadier-Regiment 1058
Gebirgs-Artillerie-Regiment 191
  I. Abteilung
  II. Abteilung
  III. Abteilung
Divisions-Füsilier-Bataillon 191
Fla-Kompanie 191
Panzerjäger-Kompanie 191
Nachrichten-Abteilung 191
Pionier-Bataillon 191
Versorgungstruppen 191

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« Reply #2 on: 10 March 2009, 17:44:04 »
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Thanks Koen!
I had also found that info. I am looking for strengths & deployments of the formations specifically.
I am working on a scenario involving elements from the 91st LL & 82nd AB on 6jun44. The Allied OOB & deployment is ready, as is the map (my recce in Normandy by Huzaar, *tip of the hat* says it will do, as the location was easily identifiable on his actual maps). Once I have the 91st deployment & strength plugged in, I can begin playtesting.

ays,

J
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« Reply #3 on: 10 March 2009, 18:19:33 »
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http://www.lexikon-der-wehrmacht.de/Gliederungen/Infanteriedivisionen/91ID.htm

http://www.91-infanterie-division.de/thread.php?postid=57 (german, will look into it)
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« Reply #4 on: 10 March 2009, 18:27:38 »
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source: http://www.91-infanterie-division.de/thread.php?postid=57

91. Luftlande-Infanteriedivision

Divisionskommandeure:

15. Januar 1944 Generalleutnant Bruno Ortner

25. April 1944 Generalleutnant Wilhelm Falley

6. Juni 1944 Generalmajor Bernhard Klosterkemper

10. Juni 1944 Generalleutnant Eugen König


Divisionsabzeichen:

Gliederung:

Grenadier-Regiment 1057

Grenadier-Regiment 1058

Artillerie-Regiment 191

Pionier-Bataillon 191

Panzerjäger-Kompanie 191


Grenadier-Regiment 1058 :

Kommandeur : Oberst Kurt Beigang
Gefechtsstand : St-Cyr
I./1058 : Kdr :
Gefechtsstand :
II./1058 : Kdr :
Gefechtsstand : La Jardinnerie
III./1058 : Kdr :
Gefechtsstand : St-Côme-du-Mont


Fallschirmjäger Regiment 6 :

Kommandeur : Major Freidrich-August Freiherr von der Heydte
Gefechtsstand : La Hotellerie
I./6 : Kdr : Hauptmann Emil Priekschat (MIA 8 June)
Hauptmann Zierer (From 8 June)
Gefechtsstand : Mont-Castre
1. Kp : Oberleutnant Billion (KIA 8 June)
Leutnant Meyer (MIA 9 June)
2. Kp : Oberleutnant Schulz (MIA 8 June)
3. Kp : Hauptmann Bucher (KIA 8 June)
4. Kp : Leutnant Eugene Scherer (MIA 8 June)
II./6 : Kdr : Hauptmann Rolf Mager
Gefechtsstand : Lessay
5. Kp : Hauptmann Herrmann (KIA 8 June)
Leutnant Holz (WIA 4 July)
6. Kp : Leutnant Bruunklaus (KIA 11 June)
7. Kp : Leutnant von Socha-Borzestowski (KIA 11 June)
8. Kp : Oberleutnant Graf Bethusy-Huc (WIA 25 June)
III./6 : Kdr : Hauptmann Horst Trebes
Gefechtsstand : Rougeval
9. Kp : Oberleutnant Helmuth Wagner (KIA 8 June)
10. Kp : Oberleutnant Prive (KIA 8 June)
11. Kp : Oberleutnant Märk (WIA 4 July)
12. Kp : St-Georges-de-Bohon ; Oberleutnant Martin Pöppel (WIA 4 July)
13. Schwere GrW. Kp : Oberleutnant Nahde (WIA 15 June)
14. PzJäger Kp : Leutnant Geck (MIA 7 June)
Leutnant Bauer (KIA 17 June)
15. Pionere Kp : Hauptman Hauch (KIA 10 July)
Leutnant Degenkolbe (KIA 11 July)


Vorgeschichte

Am 15.Januar 1944 wurde die Division auf dem Truppenübungsplatz Baumholder aufgestellt.
Dabei diente als Verwendung das verstärkte Grenadier-Regiment 1025 des Ersatzheeres (1.Welle),
sowie Teile des Grenadier-Regiments 1032 (Stab und II.).

Anschließend wurde sie für einen Luftlande-Einsatz vorgesehen und in den Raum Reims verlegt.
Die entsprechende Umbewaffnung fand am 06. März 1944 statt. Hierbei wurde das Artillerie-Regiment
zu einem Gebirgs-Artillerie-Regiment und das Division-Füsilier-Bataillon 91 errichtet,
welches später zur Aufklärung eingesetzt wurde.

Auf Grund der Einsatzplanung wurde der Division ab April 1944 das Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 6
(2. FJ-Division) zugeteilt, welches zum Schutz der Halbinsel Contentin eingesetzt wurde und
eine ingesamt 20km breite Abwehrlinie bezog.


Kurzfassung der Gefechtsabläufe

Am 06.Juni.1944 kam es auf der Halbinsel Contentin zur
Landung anglo-amerikanischer Fallschirmtruppen, unter ihnen
die 82nd und 101st Airborne. In Folge kam es zu schweren
Kämpfen um und in St.Mére-Eglise und Carentan.

Die Division wurde bis südlich von Cherbourg zurückgedrängt
und wurde bei Kämpfen in ihrer Absetzbewegung bei Lessany und
Coutance in Richtung Brehal am 22.Juni zerschlagen. Die
Division wurde am 10. August 1944 aufgelöst.

Später wurde sie bei der 7.Armee aus der Walküreeinheit Kampfgruppe Kastdorf
in der Eifel neu aufgestallt und am 5. November 1944 in 344.Infanterie Division
umgetauft. Im späteren Verlauf wurde sie unter anderem bei der Ardennen-Offensive
und bei der Verteidigung Berlins 1945 eingesetzt.


Gefechtsabläufe

In der Nacht zum 06.Juni 1944 sprangen amerikanische (82nd und Teile der 101st. Airborne)
und britische Fallschirmjäger genau in diese errichtete Abwehrlinie, worauf es zu schweren Kämpfen kam.

Die ersten Angriffe wurden durch das 501st Parachute Regiment (101st Airborne Divsion) durchgeführt,
welche auf dem Gebiet zwischen St.Come du Mont, Baupte und Carentan zugewiesen wurden. Diese
Angriffe wurde umgehend von deutschen Fallschirmjägern gekontert, worauf fast eine Kompanie
nach Carentan in Gefangenschaft gebracht wurde. In der Nacht sprangen weitere 500 U.S. Fallschirmjäger
im südlichen Bereich von Carentan (Raum des III./FJR6) und im östlichen Bereich von St.Jores (I./FJR6)
ab. Bei den Truppen handelte es sich meist über weit versprengte Teileinheiten, die auf Grund von
Koordinationsproblemen, über dem ganzen Absetzraum verteilt waren.

Folgende Befehle wurden dabei an das 6. FJ-Regiment ausgegeben:

I.Batallion:
Vorstoß auf Ste.Marie du Mont/La Madeleine, um den Druck auf Wiederstandsnest W5
(Mittelpunkt des Bunkernetzes im Bereich Utah Beach)

II.Batallion:
Vorstoß auf Turqueville, wo das 795th Georgian Battalion sich festgesetzt hatte

III.Batallion:
Rückliegender Flankenschutz für I./II.


Während das I./II. sich auf ihre Ziele konzentrierten, kam es beim III. immer
noch zu Einzelgefechten mit Versprengten der amerikanischen Fallschirmtruppen.
Der Kirchturm von Carentan wurde dabei zur Artillerie-Koordination genutzt,
welcher dadurch eine Schlüsselposition für die Kämpfe weiter nördlich wurde.

Weitere U.S.Airborne-Einheiten, welche im Südraum der Halbinsel ihren
Einsatzraum fanden, wurden von Grenadier-Regiment 1058/Sturm Batallion Messerschmidt
attackiert. Weiter nördlich griff das Grenadier-Regiment 1057 gegen landende
Fallschirmtruppen am Fluss Mederet an.

Die Angriffe des I./II. FJ-Batallions verliefen relativ erfolgreich.
Dem I. Batallion war es möglich bis zu den Außenbezirken von St.Marie du Mont
(ca. 5km von W5 entfernt) vorzustoßen, stellte aber fest, dass diese bereits
in fester Hand der 101. Airborne Division waren, welche später von den im
Strandabschnitt Utah Beach anlandenden Truppen der 4th Infantery Division
unterstützt wurden. Darauf hin bezog das I.Batallion Stellung und grub
sich außerhalb der Stadt ein. Als Deckung und Tarnung dienten dabei
vorrangig die Hecken und Felder.

Das II. Batallion wurde unterdessen schwer von ihrer linken Flanke aus
St.Mere Eglise attackiert, wo sich das 507th PIR sich festgesetzt hatte

und ständig durch weitere sammelnde Truppen verstärkt wurde. Auf Grund
der Tatsache, dass die verteidigende Flak Besatzung ihre Stellung an
die Amerikaner übergeben hatte und die Munition nach schweren Angriffen
zu Neige ging, war das II.Batallion gezwungen sich in den Süden von
St.Come du Mont zurückzuziehen
.

Die Stellungen bei rund um St.Come du Mont wurden weiterhin vom I.Batallion
gehalten, welche aber immer stärker durch anlandende Truppen unter Druck
gesetzt wurden. In den Abendstunden landeten weitere 150 Truppen der Amerikanen
nord-ötslich von Carentan, genau in den Flanken des I.Batallions. Zudem
kam in der Nacht schwerer Artillerie Beschuss ihrer Stellungen, welcher
von den Navy Artillery ausging. In den frühen Morgenstunden des 07.Juni
landeten weitere amerikanische Truppen zwischen Angoville, St.Marie Dumont
und Hiesville. Damit wurde das I.Batallion immer weiter vom Feind eingeschlossen
und mögliche Rückzugswege reduzierten sich damit immer weiter.

Die Amerikaner hatten unterdessen die strategisch wichtige Position des
Kirchturms in Carentan erkannt, welcher umgehend unter schweren Artilleriebeschuss
genommmen wurde. Die angelandeten allierten Truppen (Infanterie, Artillerie, Panzer)
wurden folgend weiter ins Inland der Halbinsel geleitet, um die allierten
Fallschirmtruppen in ihren Einsatzräumen abzulösen. Dabei wurde den Douve nördlich
von Carentan, sowie den Carentan Kanal zu überqueren und damit La Barquette abzuriegeln
als Ziel gesetzt, welches von der 501st PIR am 06.Juni eingenommen wurde.

Die Vorstöße über die Brücken konnten durch eingegrabene Truppen, sowie der
Artillerie in St.Come du Mont abgewehrt werden.
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« Reply #5 on: 10 March 2009, 18:41:33 »
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source: http://www.forum.militaryltd.com/world-war-ii/m23548-battle-normandy.htm

* 91st Air Landing Division (Luftlande – air transported) (Generalmajor Wilhelm Falley), comprising the 1057th Infantry Regiment and 1058th Infantry Regiment. This was a regular infantry division, trained, and equipped to be transported by air (i.e. transportable artillery, few heavy support weapons) located in the interior of the Cotentin Peninsula, including the landing zone of the American airdrops.
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« Reply #6 on: 10 March 2009, 19:02:01 »
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Thanks Koen!
Now to struggle with all the Deutsche, ach tu lieber!
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« Reply #7 on: 10 March 2009, 19:06:44 »
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Thanks Koen!
Now to struggle with all the Deutsche, ach tu lieber!


when you got certain sentences to translate I'll give it my best!
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« Reply #8 on: 10 March 2009, 19:23:58 »
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I found a site that will translate for free, I shall report back on how it works, as I doubt Im the only person could use a hand.

ays,

J
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« Reply #9 on: 22 March 2009, 21:27:50 »
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The translation site was quite helpful. I shall add it to general info so it wont get buried in an obscure part of the site.

ays,

J
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« Reply #10 on: 22 March 2009, 21:49:05 »
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Here is the document, very roughly translated. It could now use some clarification between the  "Huh?" markings. To that I seek the aid of those who understand what the underlying document, im Deutsche is trying to convey to us.

Source:  http://www.91-infanterie-division.de/thread.php?postid=57

91st Air Landing Infantry Division

Division commanders:
15th of January 1944 general Lt. Bruno Ortner
25th of April 1944 general Lt. Wilhelm Falley
6th of June 1944 general major Bernhard Klosterkemper
10th of June 1944 general Lt. Eugen king

Division mark: 

OOB:
Grenadier Regiment 1057
Grenadier Regiment 1058
Artillery Regiment 191
Pioneer Battalion 191
Tank Hunter Company 191

Grenadier Regiment 1058:
Commander:  Kellner Kurt durch Gang 
Location:  St Cyr

I./1058:  CO: 
Location:  St Cyr
II./1058:  CO: 
Location:  La Jardinnerie
III./1058:  CO: 
Location:  St-Côme-you-Mont


Paratrooper Regiment 6:
Commander:  Major Freidrich August Baron von der Heydte
Location:  La Hotellerie
 
I./6:  CO:  Capt. Emil Priekschat (MIA 8 June) Capt. Zierer (From 8 June)
Location:  Mont Castre
1st Co:  Lt. trillion (KIA 8 June) Lt. Meyer (MIA 9 June)
2nd Co:  Lt. Schulz (MIA 8 June)
3rd Co:  Capt. Von Büchern (KIA 8 June)
4th Co:  Lt. Eugene Scherer (MIA 8 June)
 
II./6:  CO:  Capt. Rolf Lehnen
Location:  Lessay
5th Co:  Capt. Herrmann (KIA 8 June) Lt. wood (WIA 4 July)
6th Co:  Lt. Bruunklaus (KIA 11 June)
7th Co:  Lt. of Socha Borzestowski (KIA 11 June)
8th Co:  Lt. count Bethusy Huc (WIA 25 June)
 
III./6:  CO:  Capt. Gehort Trebes
Location:  Rougeval
9th Co:  Lt. Helmuth Wagner (KIA 8 June)
10th Co:  Lt. Prive (KIA 8 June)
11th Co:  Lt. Märk (WIA 4 July)
12th Co:  Lt. Martin Pöppel (WIA 4 July)
Location:  St-George-de-Bohon
13: Heavy GrW.  Co:  Lt. Nahde (WIA 15 June)
14th PzJäger Co:  Lt. Famoser (MIA 7 June) Lt. Landwirt (KIA 17 June)
15th Pioneer Co:  Hauptman Atem (KIA 10 July) Lt. Schwertkolben (KIA 11 July)


Prehistory

On the 15th of January 1944, Huh? am was set up cube division on the military training area of tree lovelier.  At the same time al served use there reinforced Grenadier Regiment of that of the replacement army (1.Welle), of 1025 as well as part Grenadier the 1032 (sting and II).  Regulates.Huh? 

???Subsequently it was planned for an air country use and was transferred in cave room rhyme.  Cube has am stirred corresponding Umbewaffnung 06.  March of that instead of of 1944: Herewith artillery Regiment became there a Gebirgs-artillery-Regiment and there division-Füsilier-battalion 91 erected, which was used later to the clarification.Huh? 

???On the basis of the planning for it's use, as of April 1944 Paratrooper Regiment 6 (2. FJ division)the division became there  allotted, which was used to the protection of the peninsula Contentin and related an
ingesamt 20km wide defense line.Huh? 


Abridged version of the combat flows  {Combat History?}

???At the 06.Juni.1944, it came on the peninsula Contentin to the landing of anglo American parachute troops,
under them the 82nd and 101st Airborne.  In consequence, it came fight for to heavy and in St. Mére-Eglise and
Carentan.Huh? 

???The division was driven back until south of Cherbourg and became smash in fights in its drop movement in
Lessany and Coutance toward Brehal at that 22. June.  The division was dissolved on the 10th of August 1944.Huh? 

???Later it became in that 7. army out of the whale cure unit battle group Kastdorf in the Eifel newly aufgestallt and on the
5th of November 1944 in 344. infantry division rechristened.  In the later course, it was used among other things in the
Ardennen offensive and in the defense of Berlin 1945.Huh?


 ???Combat flows???

???In the night to that 06. June 1944 American burst (82nd and parts of the 101st.  Airborne) and British paratroopers exactly into this erected defense line
whereon it came to heavy fights.Huh? 

???The first attacks were carried out through the 501st Parachute Regiment (101st Airborne Divsion), which on the zone between St. Come you were shown to
Mont, Baupte and Carentan.  These attacks was countered immediately of German paratroopers whereon almost a company was brought after Carentan in
captivity.  In the night burst further 500 U.S. paratrooper in the southern area of Carentan (room of the III. /FJR6) and in the eastern area of St.
Jores (I./FJR6) off.  At the troops, it acted itself usually over far dispersed part units, that were distributed by reason of coordination problems,
over the entire drop room.Huh? 


Following commands were issued at the same time at the 6th FJ Regiment: 

???I. Batallion:  Attack on Ste. Marie you Mont/La maggot line, around the pressure on again state nest W5 (midpoint of the bunker network in
the area Utah Beach)Huh?

II. Batallion:  Attack on Turqueville where the 795th Georgian Battalion had set up.

III. Batallion:  ???Back situation flank protection for I. /II.Huh? 

???While the I concentrated. /II. on its goals, it came in the III. still to single combat with dispersed of the American parachute troops.  The steeple of Carentan was used at the same time to the artillery coordination, which through
it a key position became for the battles further north.Huh? 

???Further U. S. Airborne-units, which found its theater of operations in the south room of the peninsula, were attacked of
Grenadier Regiment 1058/storm Batallion Messerschmidt.  Further north the Grenadier Regiment 1057 against landing parachute
troops attacked at the river Mederet.Huh?


???The attacks of the I. /II.  FJ Batallions passed relatively successfully.  It was the 1ST Batallion possible to the outlying districts of St. Marie you Mont (ca.  5km of W5 removes to venture), placed however firmly
that these were already in firm hand of the 101st Airborne division, which were supported later by the troops arriving in the beach section Utah Beach of the 4th Infantery division.  On that there the I. Batallion
position related and dug itself outside of the city on.  As a cover and disguise, the sterns and fields served at the same time in priority.Huh? 

???The II.  Batallion was attacked meanwhile heavily of its left flank out of St. Mere Eglise where the 507th PIR
had fixed itself itself and was reinforced permanently through further gathering troops.  On the basis of the
fact that the defending Flak garrison had delivered its position at the Americans and the ammunition went to
heavy attacks to slope, was forced to withdraw the II. Batallion into the south from St. Come you Mont.Huh? 

???The positions in all around St. Come you Mont were held further of the I. Batallion, which were pressured however always
more strongly by arriving troops.  In the evening hours, further 150 troops of the Amerikanen north ötslich of Carentan
landed, exactly in the flanks of the I. Batallions.  Moreover gunfire of its positions which came from the Navy
Artillery came in the night of heavy artillery.  In the early morning hours the 07. June further American troops between
Angoville, St. Marie Dumont and Hiesville landed.  Therewith the I. Batallion was included always further of the enemy
and decreased possible withdrawal ways therewith always further.Huh? 



???The Americans had meanwhile recognized, the strategically important position of the steeple in Carentan, which became immediately under heavy artillery gunfire genommmen.  The arrived allierten troops (infantry, artillery, tank) were led following further into the inland of the peninsula in order to remove the allierten parachute troops in its theaters of operations.  At the same time
became the Douve north of Carentan, as well as to cross the Carentan canal and to block therewith La Barquette as a goal set, which
was taken in by the 501st PIR at that 06. June.Huh? 

The attacks over the bridges would be defended by dug in troops, as well as the artillery in St. Come you Mont.
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« Reply #11 on: 23 March 2009, 00:58:06 »
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Check this site and see if they have anything you've not seen before.

Normandy Site

Good Hunting.

MR
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« Reply #12 on: 23 March 2009, 01:14:24 »
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Thanks MR, I hadnt seen that site before. It appears to be an excellent source of info. While not specific, I have already gleaned some vitals.

ays,

J
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