French Army 21-08-1939 / 05-06-1940 OOB

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Koen:
French Army 21-08-39 / 05-06-1940 OOB

Mad_Russian:
Is there anyway to get an English translation of this French OOB?

Good Hunting.

MR

Koen:
working on it MR  :salute:

STATUS OF TROOPS
August 21 1939 - June 05 1940

On September 3, 1939, in accordance with international agreements signed with Poland, France and
United Kingdom declared war on Nazi Germany following the attack triggered by the Wehrmacht on September 1st 1939.

But even in the face of rumors and other sounds of "boots" on the right bank of the Rhine, measures
mobilization are taken August 21 and the troops of active and reserve can prepare for the shadow of the Line Maginot, which in turn strengthens its workforce.

These exceptional measures are only the final act of a play being played since the signing of the armistice of November 1918 and the Treaty of Versailles in 1919.

The German population for the most part do not accept these treaties that degrade the status of power
second class. It seeks in every way to erase the humiliation of defeat, endorsed by the "Republic
Weimar "who overthrew the Roman Empire II William II in 1918. The German Empire is seen amputated
a significant part of its territory for the benefit of the rebirth of the Polish state disappeared more than a century.

The global economic situation, undermined by the upheaval of 1929, monetary ruin health
Germany, then in full economic revival. Millions of unemployed are thrown on the pavement and bread
bought with wheelbarrows of banknotes. Germany is looking for leaders capable of redressing the
situation.

A man will seize power in 1933. He is the head of a party "National Socialist" who goes from being
small group of policy in 1922 to the rank of party, in less than fifteen years. This man, Adolf Hitler, will challenge major powers such as France and the United Kingdom in an escalation policy that ends with
the invasion of Poland on 01 September 1939.

This period saw France and England did not govern against Nazi Germany. It scores
successively in the Rhineland in 1935 by the occupation of the area délimitarisée and Austria in 1938 by
annexation to the German Reich and Czechoslovakia by the annexation of the Sudetenland.

However, two decades after the armistice will be that the French army will lose the benefit of
hard-won victory. Policies and procrastination of Staff are hesitant that our army
land no longer has the human and material resources sufficient to develop an offensive strategy.

The Maginot Line, a real wall of concrete and steel, however, will allow our staff to frame
operations of mobilization and concentration of forces. On September 3, 1939, France is at war
against Germany. But from August 21, she is taking steps to mobilize reserves, recalling the first and
by setting up different levels of war military.

The French Army in peacetime, has twenty metropolitan divisions of infantry, five
cavalry divisions, two mechanized infantry divisions and eight colonial or North African, and
troops of sovereignty in its colonial empire.

It no longer has the luxury of the army in 1918, the economic and demographic situation has forced the
political and military leaders and units to reduce its policy to restrict car ownership.

This army, however, turns to mobilize an army of eighty-six divisions, five
mounted cavalry divisions, mechanized, and one hundred and eleven divisions May 10, 1940, counting the eight divisions cavalry and three armored divisions.

The staffs of army group and army were established at the outbreak of war. Follow étatsmajors
organic troops and army corps. August 21 to September 3, 1939, while strengthening the military regions
first active divisions, joining the borders of the declaration of war. Second, they put up, from the mobilization center, large units of the first subject. Finally, they amalgamate units second reserve.

These units are not intended to pre-fight on the front line, but with the lack
chronic workforce and the increasing number of scenarios of penetration of the opponent, the state - and officers are obliged to consider these units as operational.

All bodies of troops are set up to September 9, 1939 for the latter, unless otherwise indicated.
Throughout the French colonial empire and the General Headquarters are mobilized and set up the
different theaters of operation. These theaters are spread across the globe:

® the metropolitan area:
-Theater of the "Northeast"
-Theater of the "Southeast",

® North Africa:
-The XIX Army Corps in Algeria
-The protectorate of Morocco
-The protectorate of Tunisia

® Black African territories:
-The French Equatorial Africa,
-The French West Africa,

® the colonies of the Indian Ocean:
-Somali coast,
-Madagascar,
-Reunion and institutions of the Indian Ocean,

® Asia Southeast:
-The Protectorate of Indochina,
Chinese-counters

® the mandate of the Levant

® the possessions overseas.

This second part will introduce the mobilization of all military structures wartime
of 21 August 1939 to 05 June 1940 and we will list in detail the formation of large units of infantry, cavalry, tanks and fortress of the mobilization to 05 June 1940.

-In the first chapter, we look at the Metropolitan Theatre, which is divided into two theaters
operations,

- In the second chapter we will list the units defeated by the German army after the breakthrough
Ardennes and the pocket of Dunkirk, and then look at the developments of the divisions and
other troops stationed in areas addressed in the first chapter.

I - SITUATION IN THE METROPOLITAN AREA

On September 3, 1939, despite the declared non-belligerency of Italy and the tense situation facing Spain, metropolitan territory is structured in two theaters and a detachment of army

® theater 'North - East "under the command of General George (In the North Sea to the Jura)
® theater 'South - East "or" Alps ": the orders of General Billotte (Du Jura to Corsica),
® Detachment Army of the Pyrenees: the orders of General Moyrand1.
In late September, General Billotte takes under his command the 1st Army Group and joined the Theatre
Operation "Northeast", he leaves his place to General Besson, commanding the 6th Army.

On May 10, 1940, the metropolitan structure is still in two theaters of operation, however the
Detachment Army of the Pyrenees was dissolved October 24, 1940, facing the quiet Franco in Spain:

® theater 'North - East "under the command of General George (In the North Sea to the Jura)
® theater 'South - East "or" Alps ": the orders of General Olry (Du Jura to Corsica).

I A - THE THEATRE OF OPERATIONS "NORTH - EAST."

General Gamelin, commander of the armed forces, organizes and distributes the various troops along
the border with Germany, Luxembourg and Belgium. This is the theater of operations "Northeast" commissioned by
General Georges.

At the entrance of our country in actual hostilities, General Georges had under his command quarantesix
metropolitan divisions of infantry, thirteen infantry divisions and colonial North African and five divisions
mixed cavalry and mechanical, it adds the troops of the Maginot Line and the two brigades Spahis.

The "phony war" sees the strengthening of six infantry divisions, metropolitan, three divisions
colonial infantry and North African, three armored divisions, a mechanized light divisions, a brigade of
cavalry and a brigade of Spahis. Five body fortress became a fortress infantry division, the three
cavalry divisions "Type 1932" splits to form five divisions of light cavalry.

1 - The bodies of command

three army groups
-First Army Group (G.A.1): General Billotte and later by General Blanchard
-2nd Army Group (GA2): General Pretelat
-3rd Army Group (GA3): General Besson

ten armies
- First Army: General Blanchard and later General Prioux
- 2nd Army: General Huntzinger and later General Freydenberg1
- 3rd Army: General Condé
- 4th army General Réquin
- 5th Army: General Bourret
- 6th armée2: General Touchon
- 7th armée3: General Giraud4 then General Corap and later General Frere
- 8th Army: General Garchéry and later General Laure5
- 9th armée6: General Corap and later General Giraud7
- 10th armée8: General Altmayer

twenty-two army corps

- 1st Army Corps : Général Sciard
- 2 Army Corps : Général Lamson puis Général Bouffet10
- 3 Army Corps : Général de Fornel de la Laurencie
- 4 Army Corps : Général Boris puis Général Aymes11
- 5 Army Corps : Général Bloch puis Général Altmayer12
- 6 Army Corps : Général Loizeau
- 7 Army Corps : Général Champon puis Général de la Porte Du Theil13
- 8 Army Corps : Général Frère puis Général Desmazes14
- 9 Army Corps : Général Laure puis Général Ilher15
- 10 Army Corps : Général Gransard
- 11 Army Corps : Général Martin
- 12 Army Corps : Général Montagne puis Général Dentz16 puis Général Champon17
- 13 Army Corps : Général Misserey
- 16 Army Corps : Général Falgade
- 17 Army Corps : Général Noël
- 18 Army Corps : Général Rochard puis Général Doyen18
- 20 Army Corps : Général Hubert
- 21 Army Corps : Général Flavigny
- Colonial Army Corps : Général Freydenberg puis Général Carles

2 Formerly "Army Detachment Touchon 'online from February 13, 1940.
3 The 7th Army Reserve in GHQ from 03 September to 11 November 1939, is incorporated into the 1st Army Group at that date.
4 General Giraud switches with General Corap May 19, 1940, but the seventh army, restaurant on the Somme came under command of
General Brother.
5 General Laure takes the position May 21, 1940.
Previously six "weapons detachment of the Ardennes", online since 3 September 1939.
7 General Corap switches with Giraud May 19, 1940.
8 "Group A" May 29, 1940 and 10th army May 1, 1940.
9 The 21st and 23rd army corps are subject to GHQ The seventh body is responsible for responding in case of Swiss German invasion.
10 General Bouffet takes the position at January 1, 1940.
11 General Aymes takes the position Jan. 15, 1940.
12 General Altmayer takes the position Jan. 15, 1940
13 The General From the door of the Theil takes the position May 14, 1940.
14 General Desmazes takes the position May 17, 1940.
15 General Ilher takes the position May 21, 1940.
General Dentz 16 takes the position at November 15, 1939.
17 General Champon takes the position at 05 June 1940.
18 General Dean takes the position May 21, 1940.
19 General Carl takes the position at 05 June 1940.

- 23 Army Corps1 : Général Touchon puis Général Germain2
- 24 Army Corps3 : Général Fougère
- 25 Army Corps4 : Général Audet

1 The 23rd Army Corps was established November 27, 1939.
2 General Germain takes the position April 1, 1940.
3 The 24th Corps was established February 2, 1940.
4 The 25th Corps was established June 3, 1940.

2-The infantry divisions

a-The Metropolitan infantry divisions

ten active infantry divisions5:

- 10th Infantry Division: General and General Sisteron Aymé6
- 11th Infantry Division: General Arlabosse
- 13th Infantry Division: General and General Desmazes Baudouin7
- 14th Infantry Division: General Bouffet and General de Lattre de Tassigny8
- 19th Infantry Division: General d’Arbonneau and General Toussaint9
- 21th Infantry Division: General Pigeaud and General Lanquetot10
- 23rd Division infanterie11: General Jeannel
- 36th Infantry Division: General Aublet
- 42nd Infantry Division: General de la Porte du Theil and General Keller
- 43rd Infantry Division: General Vernillat

seven motorized infantry divisions active13

- 1st Motorized Infantry Division: General Malivoire-Filhol de Camas
- 3rd Motorized Infantry Division: General Bertin-Boussus
- 5th Motorized Infantry Division: General and General Limasset Boucher14
- 9th Motorized Infantry Division: General Didelet
- 12th Motorized Infantry Division: General Janssen and Colonel Blanchon15
- 15th Motorized Infantry Division: General June
- 25th Motorized Infantry Division: General Molinié and General Lanquetot16

1 The 23rd Army Corps was established November 27, 1939.
2 General Germain takes the position April 1, 1940.
3 The 24th Corps was established February 2, 1940.
4 The 25th Corps was established June 3, 1940.
5 The 10th, 13th, 14th, 36th and 43rd Infantry Divisions are subject to GHQ The 13th division, along with the 27th Division Alpine Infantry and the 2nd Brigade spahis is part of the 7th army corps responsible for responding in case of Swiss German invasion of country.
6 General Ayme takes the position at 03 June 1940.
7 General Baudouin takes the position May 19, 1940.
8 General de Lattre de Tassigny takes the position on 04 January 1940.
9 General Toussaint takes the position December 8, 1939.
10 General Lanquetot takes the position at October 13, 1939.
11 The 23rd Infantry Division, after all assigned to the 4th Army in September 1939, is then put aside in favor of General Staff of the Army the Alps in the course of 1940.
12 General Keller takes the position May 14, 1940.
13 The first, third, 12th and 15th motorized infantry divisions are subject to GHQ Apart from the 3rd Motorized Infantry Division, the other three
integrate with the 1st Army 1st Armored Division in May 10, 1940.
14 The butcher takes the general poses March 13, 1940.
15 Colonel Blanchon takes the position at 02 June 1940.
16 General Lanquetot takes the position at 01 June 1940.

.
® ® ® ® two infantry divisions Alpine force1:
27th Infantry Division-Alpine
-31st Infantry Division alpine3:

.
® ® ® ® fifteen infantry divisions of "Class A" 5:
-2nd Infantry Division:
-4th Infantry Division:

-6th Infantry Division:
-7th Infantry Division:

-16th Infantry Division:

-18th Infantry Division:
-20th Infantry Division:
-22nd Infantry Division:

-24th Infantry Division:
-26th Infantry Division:

-32nd Infantry Division:

-35th Infantry Division:
-41st Infantry Division:
-45th Infantry Division:
-47th Infantry Division:

.
® ® ® ® a division of infantry alpine "Class A":
30th Infantry Division-alpine 11:

.
® ® ® ® fifteen infantry divisions "Class B":
-51st Infantry Division:
-52nd Infantry Division:
-53rd Infantry Division:
-54th Infantry Division:
-55th Infantry Division:

General Dean
and General de Bizemont2
General Ilher
and General Vauthier4

General Klopfenstein
General Oemichen
and General Musse6
General Lucien
General Hupel

General Marquis
and General Mordant7
General Duffet
General Corbe
General Hassler
General and Béziers-Lafosse8
General and Hassler
General Voirin
Troubled General
and General Bonnassieux9
General Martin de Charry
and General Lucas10
General Decharme
General Bridoux
General Roux
General Mendras

General Duron

General Gillard
and General Boell12
General Portzert
and General Echard13
General Blin
and General Etcheberrigaray14
General Vix
and General Coradin15
General Britsch
and General Lafontaine16

1 These two divisions are until December 1939 to the Army of the Alps. The 27th Mountain Infantry Division was placed in reserve

G.Q.G for intervention in Switzerland.
2 General De Bizemon takes the position May 21, 1940.
3 Although originally from the Pyrenees region, the 31st division is considered Alpine.
4 General Vauthier took the position at May 25, 1940.
5 The 7th Infantry Division is subject to GHQ for an intervention in Switzerland.
6 General Musse take the position at November 11, 1939.
7 General Mordant is the position at November 6, 1939.
8 General Béziers - Lafosse has held the position from April 15 to May 15, 1940.
9 General Bonnassieux takes the position April 10, 1940.
10 General Lucas took the position at January 8, 1940.
11 The 30th Mountain Infantry Division up until December 1939 to the Army of the Alps.
12 General Boell takes the position to 07 January 1940.
13 Echard General takes the position at January 25, 1940.
14 General Etcheberrigaray takes the position at 06 January 1940.
15 General Coradin takes the position at November 27, 1939.
16 General Lafontaine takes the position at February 21, 1940.

-56th Infantry Division:
-57th Infantry Division:
-58th Infantry Division:
-60th Infantry Division:

-61st Infantry Division:

-62nd Infantry Division:
-63rd Division infanterie8:

-67th Infantry Division:

-70th Infantry Division:
-71st Infantry Division:

General Michel
Martin and General Mierry1
General Barbeyrac de Saint-Maurice
and General Texier2
General Paul
and General Perraud3
Masson-General Bachasson Montalivet
and General Deslaurens4
and General Teisseire5
General Abadie
Then General Vauthier6
and General Lhéritier7
General Sarrebourse of Guillonniere
General Humières
and General Parvy9
General Penavayre
and General Boutignon10
General François
General Baudet

.
® ® ® ® three divisions of infantry training created before May 10, 1940:
Infanterie11-eighth Division: General Dody
-44th Division infanterie12: General Boissau
-68th Division infanterie13: General Beaufrère

.
® ® ® ® a division of light infantry
-3rd Light Division of infanterie14: General Duchemin

b-The infantry divisions coloniales15.

.
® ® ® ® three infantry divisions to active:
1st Infantry Division-colonial
3rd Infantry Division-colonial
4th Infantry Division-colonial

A General Martin Mierry takes the position at January 1, 1940.
2 General Texier takes the position at January 1, 1940.
3 General Perraud takes the position Dec. 11, 1939.
4 General Deslaurens takes the position January 1, 1940.
5 General Teisseire takes the position May 17, 1940.
6 General Vauthier took the position at December 7, 1939.
7 General Lhéritier holds the position of 26 to 27 May 1940.

General Germain
and General Roucaud16
General Barrau
and General Falvy17
In general Bazelaire of Ruppierre

8 The 63rd Infantry Division up until December 1939 to the Army of the Alps.
9 The General takes the position Parvy November 11, 1939.
10 General Boutignon takes the position at October 22, 1939.
Created 11 April 1, 1940.
Created 12 March 1, 1940, from troops such as "Northeast" and troops from the south-east.
Created 13 January 16, 1940.
14 The 3rd Infantry Light Division was set up April 15, 1940, to intervene in Norway as part of the French Expeditionary Corps in
Scandinavia. Faced with the disastrous events of the early campaign on the theater of the Northeast, it was decided to leave this division
disposal of General George.
15 The 1st and 6th Infantry Divisions are subject to colonial GHQ The 5th and 7th Infantry Divisions are colonial amalgam after
transformation of their colonial infantry regiments of infantry regiments mixed colonial Senegal.
16 General Roucaud takes the position April 1, 1940.
17 General Falvy takes the position at 23 March 1940.



.
® ® ® ® three divisions of infantry training:
5th Infantry Division-Colonial: General Séchet
6th Infantry Division-Colonial: General Thierry
and General Carles1
7th Infantry Division-Colonial: General Noiret

c-The infantry divisions of North Africa2.

.
® ® ® ® four infantry divisions of North African force:
-1st Infantry Division in North Africa: General Libaud
and General Tarrit3
-2nd Infantry Division in North Africa: General Lescanne
and General Dame4
-3rd Infantry Division in North Africa: General Chapouilly
and General Mast5
-4th Infantry Division in North Africa: General Sancelme

.
® ® ® ® three infantry divisions North African training:
-5th Infantry Division in North Africa:
Old General

and General Agliany6
6th Infantry Division-North africaine7: General De Verdilhac
7th Infantry Division-North africaine8: General Barré

.
® ® ® ® a Moroccan Infantry Division 1st category:
First-division marocaine9:
General Audet
and General Mellier10

.
® ® ® ® a division of infantry African first category:
-82nd Infantry Division in Africa:
General Armingeat

.
® ® ® ® a division of infantry African third category:
-87th Infantry Division in Africa:
General Barbeyrac St-Maurice

A General Carl takes the position at 06 November 1939.
2 The 1st and 7th Infantry Divisions in North Africa are subject to GHQ The first division is up until December 1939 to Army
Alpes.
3 General Tarr takes the position at January 15, 1940.
4 General Dame takes the position at January 1, 1940.
5 Mast General takes the position May 23, 1940.
6 General Agliany takes the position April 19, 1940.
7 Established November 1, 1939.
8 Created March 1, 1940.
9 Created 27 October 1939.
10 General Mellier takes the position 27 February 1940.



The 3-cavalry units.

September 03, the cavalry is on a war footing units and therefore has three cavalry divisions
Mixed (DC) "Type 1932", two light mechanized divisions (DLM) and two brigades from spahis
Army stationed in Africa but in the metropolis.

a - The divisions of cavalry and light cavalry divisions.

.
® ® ® ® three cavalry divisions of active:
-1st Cavalry Division: General Arras
(16 Panhard 178 armored cars discovery + 32 armored reconnaissance Renault
33VM H35 + 16 light tanks)

-2nd Cavalry Division: General Berniquet
(16 Panhard 178 armored cars discovery + 32 armored reconnaissance Renault
33VM H35 + 16 light tanks)

-3rd Cavalry Division: General Petiet
(16 Panhard 178 armored cars discovery + 32 armored reconnaissance Renault
33VM H35 + 16 light tanks)

During the "phony war, aware of the challenges of penetrating enemy and disparity areas
operations, reorganized the cavalry troops. The three divisions of cavalry (DC) disappear and give way
five divisions light cavalry (DLC), the 1st Cavalry Brigade, commanded by General Gaillard (first
Hussars - 8th Fighter), the 1st Cavalry Division, becomes independent.

These divisions of cavalry and the light cavalry brigades or Spahis are planned to intervene in
recognition area, in places difficult to access for motorized vehicles or mechanical as Swiss border and the mountains of the Ardennes. They are found mainly in the 2nd, 3rd, 8th and 9th armies face
Belgium, Luxembourg and Switzerland.

Each mounted cavalry division gives rise to two spin-divisions, except the first division
Cavalry who turns into the first division of light cavalry. The second and fourth divisions light cavalry are
derived from the 2nd Cavalry Division and the 3rd and 5th divisions of light cavalry of the 3rd Cavalry Division.

.
® ® ® ® three divisions of light cavalry force:
First-division light cavalerie1: General Arras
(16 Panhard 178 armored cars discovery + 22 armored reconnaissance Renault
35ZT H35 + 16 light tanks)

Second-division light cavalerie2: General Berniquet
(16 Panhard 178 armored cars discovery + 23 armored reconnaissance Renault 33VM 16 light tanks H35)

Third-division light cavalerie3: General Petiet
(16 Panhard 178 armored cars discovery + 23 armored reconnaissance Renault 33VM H35 + 16 light tanks)

.
® ® ® ® two light divisions of cavalry training:
Fourth-division light cavalerie4: General Barbara
(16 Panhard 178 armored cars discovery + 23 armored reconnaissance Renault 33VM H39 + 16 light tanks)

-5th Light Division of cavalerie5: General Chanoine
(16 Panhard 178 armored cars discovery + 23 armored reconnaissance Renault 33VM H39 + 16 light tanks)

A former 1st Cavalry Division, transformed into Light Division Cavalry February 10, 1940.
2 Ex-2nd Cavalry Division, transformed into a light division cavalry February 10, 1940.
3 Ex-3rd Cavalry Division, transformed into a light division cavalry February 10, 1940.
4 Light Cavalry Division established February 10, 1940 by derivation of the 2nd Cavalry Division.
5 Light Cavalry Division established February 10, 1940 by derivation of the 3rd Cavalry Division.

b - The light divisions and mechanical groups.

The cavalry in September 1939 has two light mechanized divisions (DLM), the 1st Light Division
Mechanical was founded in 1935 and the second division in 1938 following light mechanical. These units are real divisions armored equipped with reliable equipment and proven. Do not rely on the word "light" does not mean that the division is less potential compared to a traditional division of cavalry, but this means that the unit can move quickly.

At first

February 1940, the light mechanized divisions are the total to three units. A fourth
light division mechanical amalgam during the German invasion, but part of its workforce reinforces the fourth armored division in the emergency May 15, 1940, the other party is meeting in a group of circumstances under command of Lieutenant-Colonel de Langle de Cary.

The first two divisions are part of a cavalry corps commanded by General Prioux
inspector of the cavalry, this body is created from September to December 1939. Like the divisions, this body of a fully motorized cavalry unit, however some equipment mobilization are ageless. It is placed face
Belgium, under the command of the 1st Army of General Blanchard.

When creating the third division slight mechanical February 1, 1940, it replaces in the body
the 1st Cavalry Division slight mechanical, meanwhile, joined the 7th Army. A comprehensive plan of organization plans to set up a total of eight light mechanized divisions and provide them with the sole horse chariot in Somua S35 Instead of staffing char cavalry Somua S35 - H35/H39 Hotchkiss light tanks.

.
® ® ® ® two light divisions activation mechanisms:
First-light mechanized divisions: General Picard

(94 Hotchkiss H35 light tanks + 96 Cavalry tanks Somua S35 + 48 to armored cars

discovery Panhard 178 armored reconnaissance 69 + Renault 35ZT

Second-division light mechanical General Bougrain

(94 Hotchkiss H35 light tanks + 96 Cavalry tanks Somua S35 + 48 to armored cars

discovery Panhard 178 armored reconnaissance 69 + Renault 35ZT

.
® ® ® ® a division slight mechanical training:
-3rd Light Division mécanique1: General Langlois

(140 light tanks Hotchkiss H39 light tanks + 23 + 96 Hotchkiss H35 tanks Cavalry Somua S35 + 48 Panhard armored Discovery 178)

A mechanical group, resulting from the non-incorporated in the 4th Armored Division, was formed in late May 1940. It is placed under the command of Colonel De Langle de Carry. His unit will fight on the front of the Somme reinforcement of the 7th and the 10th Army.

.
® ® ® ® Group Mechanical works:
De Langle-Group of Carry2: Colonel De Langle de Carry

(25 Somua S35 cavalry tanks + 24 Hotchkiss H39 light tanks + 5 self-propelled guns Laffly 15TCC)

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